Reproductive biology

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In general, very little is known about reproduction in these bats, but they may be polygynous. Females typically give birth to a single young each year, with breeding occurring seasonally. Hipposiderids mate during the fall and females store the sperm internally during the winter, becoming fertilized and giving birth the following year. Age of weaning, age at first flight, and age at sexual maturity may be correlated with latitude, with tropical species taking longer than temperate species to achieve all of the above landmarks. In Hipposideros, eight tropical species reached sexual maturity at 16-24 months, one subtropical species at less than 12 months, and two temperate species at 6-8 months. The subtropical species (H. terasensis) is weaned at seven weeks old, while tropical species are weaned at 8-20 weeks old.

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