Urogale everetti (Thomas, 1892), Mindanao, Philippines. OTHER COMMON NAMES
French: Toupaie des Philippines; German: Philippinenspitzhörnchen.
Head and body length 9.5 in (24 cm); tail length 7 in (18 cm). Body mass 9 oz (255 g). Largest-bodied, stocky tree shrew species. Fur dark brown dorsally and yellowish or rufous ven-trally; pale shoulder stripe present. Tail markedly shorter than length of head and body combined and covered in dense rufous fur. Snout conspicuously elongated. Dentition distinctive in that the second pair of upper incisors is markedly enlarged to produce functional canines, while the third pair of lower incisors is reduced. Forelimb unique among tree shrews in showing adaptations for scratch-digging.
Mindanao Island and nearby islands (Dinigat and Siargao). HABITAT
Predominantly found in the brush zone and the thick vegetation along river beds.
Diurnal and fully terrestrial.
Little is known about the natural diet, which is said to be omnivorous. Probably feeds predominantly on insects and fruits, like other tree shrew species, but the canine-like incisors suggest a greater emphasis on predation, perhaps including vertebrates.
Probably forms monogamous pairs. Females have two pairs of teats. Gestation period reportedly about 55 days.
Listed as Vulnerable because of progressive population decline.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦
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