Philippine colugo

Cynocephalus volans

TAXONOMY

Lemur volans (Linnaeus, 1758), Luzon, Philippines. There has been little discussion surrounding this species.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Philippine flying lemur.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Head and body length 14 in (35 cm); tail length 10 in (25 cm); body weight 2.8 lb (1.25 kg). The Philippine colugo is somewhat smaller and darker than the Malayan species and lacks conspicuous white spots. Dorsal fur typically brown in males and grayish in females. Ventral fur orange to brownish red.

DISTRIBUTION

Philippine Islands (Mindanao, Basilan, Samar, Leyte, Bohol). HABITAT

Primary evergreen rainforest.

BEHAVIOR

Nocturnal and apparently solitary when active.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Strictly herbivorous, eating leaves, buds, flowers, some fruit, and pods.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Mating system is unknown. Single births and a single pair of teats typical. Gestation period is approximately 60 days. Infant small and poorly developed at birth. Weaning at about 6 months.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Listed as Vulnerable by the IUCN, primarily because of deforestation.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS

Apart from occasional hunting, colugos seem to be of little significance to humans. ♦

H Cynocephalus volans H Cynocephalus variegatus

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