Megalonychidae

Class Mammalia Order Xenarthra Family Megalonychidae

Thumbnail description

Small- to medium-sized sloths, from the size of a large domestic cat to a small bear; all species show large caniniform teeth, several molariform teeth, long limbs and strong, curved claws; they have pear-shaped bodies and long, shaggy coats ranging in color from gray to brown, often with lighter fur around the heads and faces

Size

Sloths of the family Megalonychidae range in weight from about the size of a large domestic cat (20 lb [9 kg] for Choloepus) to as large as a large bear; however, none of the West Indian forms grew larger than a black bear

Number of genera, species

1 genera; 2 species; extinct forms grouped with Choloepus include as many as 11 genera, each containing a single species

Habitat

Tropical rainforests and cloud forests Conservation status

Extinct: all species of West Indian sloths; Data Deficient: 2 species

Distribution

Choloepus occurs in Central America and into South America as far as Brazil. The West Indian sloths may have shared part of that range as well as the islands of the West Indies

Distribution

Choloepus occurs in Central America and into South America as far as Brazil. The West Indian sloths may have shared part of that range as well as the islands of the West Indies

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