Madagascar flying fox

Pteropus rufus

SUBFAMILY

Pteropodinae

TAXONOMY

Pteropus rufus Tiedemann, 1808, Madagascar.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Malagasy flying fox.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Head and body length 9-10 in (23-25 cm), weight 1.2-1.5 lb (533-700 g). Fur coloration on top of the head is yellow or orange. Nose, dorsum, and ventrum are brown. Ears and nose are long and pointed.

DISTRIBUTION

Madagascar.

HABITAT

Coastal forests, low-lying central plains, and small off-shore islands.

I Pteropus melanotus I Pteropus mariannus I Pteropus conspicillatus

BEHAVIOR

Nocturnal, colonial, and very gregarious, with screeching vocalizations. Males tend to their territories quite vigorously and are very aggressive.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Various fruits, blossoms, and leaves. Tamarind (Tamarindus indica) pods are a favorite.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Monogamous. Birth weight is approximately 1.5 oz (43 g). Pups are weaned by the eleventh week and volant by three to four months.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS

Hunted for food. Performs valuable pollination and seed dispersal of plants. ♦

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