Pteropus rufus Tiedemann, 1808, Madagascar.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Malagasy flying fox.
Head and body length 9-10 in (23-25 cm), weight 1.2-1.5 lb (533-700 g). Fur coloration on top of the head is yellow or orange. Nose, dorsum, and ventrum are brown. Ears and nose are long and pointed.
Coastal forests, low-lying central plains, and small off-shore islands.
I Pteropus melanotus I Pteropus mariannus I Pteropus conspicillatus
Nocturnal, colonial, and very gregarious, with screeching vocalizations. Males tend to their territories quite vigorously and are very aggressive.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Various fruits, blossoms, and leaves. Tamarind (Tamarindus indica) pods are a favorite.
Monogamous. Birth weight is approximately 1.5 oz (43 g). Pups are weaned by the eleventh week and volant by three to four months.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
Hunted for food. Performs valuable pollination and seed dispersal of plants. ♦
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