Lesser woolly horseshoe bat

Rhinolophus beddomei

TAXONOMY

Rhinolophus beddomei Andersen, 1905, Madras, India.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

None known.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Head and body length 2.6-3 in (6.5-7.5 cm); tail 1.5-1.9 in (3.9-4.8 cm); forearm 2.2-2.5 in (5.5-6.4 cm); weight 0.6-0.7 oz (18-19 g). Fur long, woolly and dark, usually black with paler hair tips.

DISTRIBUTION

Southern and western peninsular India, and Sri Lanka. HABITAT

Restricted to forested areas. BEHAVIOR

Normally roosts singly, in pairs or threes, in hollow trees, small caves, overhanging ledges, buildings, or tunnels; hangs by one foot, with wings wrapped round body.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Emerges in late evening; flies low to seek prey among bushes, along forest edges or tracks, and in forest glades. Eats beetles, termites, and other flying insects.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

May be monogamous. Pregnant female collected Sri Lanka in January; female with young seen India in May; no other information.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Lower Risk/Near Threatened. Low density populations and its dependence on forests suggest it is very vulnerable to habitat destruction.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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