Gymnures and hedgehogs


Class Mammalia Order Insectivora Family Erinaceidae

Thumbnail description

Small, short-legged animals, five toes on each foot, gait plantigrade; muzzle generally pointed, moderately to greatly elongate, eyes small; pelage may be spiny (hedgehogs) or soft (gymnures)


Head and body length: 4-12 in (10-30 cm); tail: 0.4-12 in (1-30 cm); weight: 0.5-38 oz (15-1,100 g)

Number of genera, species

8 genera; 21 species


Varies from woodland to grassland, deserts and urban parks for hedgehogs; gymnures restricted to humid forests and meadows

Conservation status

Critically Endangered: 1 species; Endangered: 3 species; Vulnerable: 2 species; Lower Risk/Near Threatened: 1 species


Europe, Asia, and Africa


Europe, Asia, and Africa

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