Greater longtongued fruit bat

Macroglossus sobrinus

SUBFAMILY

Macroglossinae

TAXONOMY

Macroglossus minimus sobrinus Andersen, 1911, Gunong Igari, Perak, Malaysia.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Hill long-tongued fruit bat, greater long-tongued nectar bat.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Head and body length, 2.4-3.3 in (6-8.5 cm); forearm length, 1.9-2 in (4.7-5.2 cm); wingspan, 9.8 in (25 cm); no tail; weight, 0.7-0.8 oz (18.5-23 g). Pelage reddish brown, buffy brown ventrum. Elongated muzzle, long tongue with brushlike structures at the end.

DISTRIBUTION

Northeast India to the islands of Southeast Asia to Java and Bali. HABITAT

Lowland and montane forest up to 6,562 ft (2,000 m), villages with bamboo, cultivated fruit orchards.

BEHAVIOR

Solitary, but can sometimes be found roosting in groups up to 10. Sometimes found rolled up in leaves.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Pollen, nectar, and some soft fruit.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Polygamous. Believed to breed throughout the year. Single young, but it has been reported that females appear to produce two pups per year.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS Pollinator; may pollinate cultivated plants. ♦

Southern blossom bat

Syconycteris australis

SUBFAMILY

Macroglossinae

TAXONOMY

Macroglossus minimus var. australis (Peters, 1867), Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Queensland blossom bat, common blossom bat.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Head and body length, 2-3 in (5-7.5 cm); forearm length, 1.5-1.7 in (3.8-4.3 cm); very rudimentary tail; weight, 0.4-0.9 oz (11.5-25 g). Pelage is reddish brown with lighter ventrum. Elongated snout with long protrusible tongue tipped with a brush.

DISTRIBUTION

Moluccas through New Guinea to Bismarck Archipelago to eastern Australia.

HABITAT

Rainforest.

BEHAVIOR

Solitary.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Pollen and nectar. May occasionally consume fruit.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Poorly known, but it has been suggested that they breed throughout the year. One pup is the norm. Believed to be polygamous.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS Pollinato; may pollinate cultivated plants. ♦

I Syconycteris australis I Nyctimene robinsoni

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