Pteropus jubatus (Eschscholtz, 1831), Manila, Philippines. OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Golden-capped fruit bat; Spanish: Zorro volador filipino.
Head and body length, 7-11.4 in (17.8-29 cm); forearm length, 4.9-7.9 in (12.5-20 cm); wingspan, 4.9-5.6 ft (1.5-1.7 m); no tail; weight 1-2.6 lb (450-1,200 g). Pelage is variable, but ranges from brown to black. The crown of the head is comprised of golden-yellow fur as indicated by the common name.
Primary and secondary forest, montane forest, swamps, and mangroves. Has been observed at 3,609 ft (1,100 m) altitude.
Gregarious. In the past camps were reported to contain up to 150,000 animals, but recent reports estimate around 5,000 individuals in roosting colonies. Observed association with large flying foxes (Pteropus vampyrus).
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Mainly figs, occasional cultivated fruits. Appear to travel long distances when foraging. Small foraging units consist of from two to six animals.
I Acerodon jubatus I Dyacopterus spadiceus I Harpyionycteris whiteheadi
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
Subsistence hunting, commercially exploited for meat. ♦
Polygamous. Two breeding seasons, June-August and December-January. One offspring is the norm. Females mature within six months of birth, males within 18 months. See behavior above.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS Consumed as bushmeat. ♦
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