Goldencrowned flying fox

Acerodon jubatus

SUBFAMILY

Pteropodinae

TAXONOMY

Pteropus jubatus (Eschscholtz, 1831), Manila, Philippines. OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Golden-capped fruit bat; Spanish: Zorro volador filipino.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Head and body length, 7-11.4 in (17.8-29 cm); forearm length, 4.9-7.9 in (12.5-20 cm); wingspan, 4.9-5.6 ft (1.5-1.7 m); no tail; weight 1-2.6 lb (450-1,200 g). Pelage is variable, but ranges from brown to black. The crown of the head is comprised of golden-yellow fur as indicated by the common name.

DISTRIBUTION

Philippines.

HABITAT

Primary and secondary forest, montane forest, swamps, and mangroves. Has been observed at 3,609 ft (1,100 m) altitude.

BEHAVIOR

Gregarious. In the past camps were reported to contain up to 150,000 animals, but recent reports estimate around 5,000 individuals in roosting colonies. Observed association with large flying foxes (Pteropus vampyrus).

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Mainly figs, occasional cultivated fruits. Appear to travel long distances when foraging. Small foraging units consist of from two to six animals.

Dyacopterus Spadiceus

I Acerodon jubatus I Dyacopterus spadiceus I Harpyionycteris whiteheadi

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Polygamous. Appear to have two breeding seasons, but females only become pregnant during one of them. Single births are the norm. Females reach sexual maturity in two years.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Endangered.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS

Subsistence hunting, commercially exploited for meat. ♦

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Polygamous. Two breeding seasons, June-August and December-January. One offspring is the norm. Females mature within six months of birth, males within 18 months. See behavior above.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS Consumed as bushmeat. ♦

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