Ghostfaced bat

Mormoops megalophylla

TAXONOMY

Mormoops megalophylla (Peters, 1864), Coahuila, Mexico. Four subspecies are currently recognized.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

Spanish: Murcielago de labios festoneados.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

These bats have a peculiar upturned nosed and extensive flaps of skin around the mouth. Smaller medium-sized bats, ghost-faced bats have forearms 2.0-2.2 in (5.1-5.7 cm) long. They weigh from 0.4 to 0.7 oz (12-19 g). They are larger than An-tillean ghost-faced bats, the other species in the genus.

DISTRIBUTION

Found from southwestern Texas and Arizona southwards through Baja California, Mexico, Honduras and El Salvador. There is a second population in South America, the northern parts of Colombia and Venezuela, the Dutch Antilles and Trinidad, and another along the Pacific coasts of Colombia, Ecuador and northern Peru.

BEHAVIOR

Strong, fast fliers that forage over water, land, and in forests. Males and females may roost in different parts of the same cave or mine. Roosting individuals usually not in physical contact with one another. Colonies of ghost-faced bats can number thousands of individuals which tend to emerge together in streams.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

They eat flying insects, including moths, beetles and flies, reflecting on the availability of prey where they forage. Ghost-faced bats eat flying insects, taking a wide range of prey according to what is available where they forage.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Females bear a single young each year, with the timing of birth reflecting local rainy seasons. This species is most likely polyg-ynous.

CONSERVATION STATUS Not listed by the IUCN.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS

These bats are subject to cyclical outbreaks of rabies that cause mass mortality. ♦

Common name I Scientific name

Physical characteristics

Habitat and behavior

Distribution

Diet

Conservation status

Antillean ghost-faced bat Mormoops blalnvlllli

Davy's naked-backed bat Pteronotus davyi

Big naked-backed bat Pteronotus gymnonotus

Macleay's moustached bat Pteronotus macleayll

Wagner's moustached bat Pteronotus personatus

Sooty moustached bat Pteronotus quadrldens

Light brown upperparts, buffy underparts. In dark phase, upperparts are dark brown, underparts are ochraceous tawny. Lower lip has fleshy peg-like projections. Tail is well developed. Head and body length 2-2.9 in (5-7.3 cm), tail length 0.7-1.2 in (1.8-3.1 cm), forearm length 1.8-2.4 in (4.5-6.1 cm), average adult weight 0.40.6 oz (12-18g).

Delicate, naked bat. Wings joined on back. Coat color is usually coffee, sometimes orange. Head and body length 1.6-2.2 in (4.2-5.5 cm), tail length 0.7-1 in (1.8-2.5 cm), forearm length 1.7-1.9 (4.3-4.9 cm), weight 0.17-0.35 oz (5-10 g).

Naked back, wings united on mean line, hindquarters are naked with a very small coat. Coat color is orange coffee. Head and body length 2.1-2.7 in (5.5-6.9 cm), tail length 0.8-1.1 in (2.1-2.8 cm), forearm length 2-2.2 in (5-5.5 cm), weight 0.38-0.63 oz (11-18 g).

Skin folds are on chin and lower lip. Brownish in color. Hindquarters are naked with a small coat. Average weight 0.140.21 oz (4-6 g), wingspan 9.8-11 in (25-28 cm).

Coat color is orange or coffee, both equally common. Head and body length 1.7-2.2 in (4.3-5.5 cm), tail length 0.6-0.8 in (1.52 cm), forearm length 1.6-1.9 in (4.24.8 cm).

Coloration is variable, oftentimes light or dark brown, grayish brown, or ochraceous orange. Underparts are usually paler. Head and body length 1.5-3 in (4-7.7 cm), tail length 0.6-1.2 in (1.5-3 cm), forearm length 1.4-2.6 in (3.5-6.5 cm).

Variety of habitats from desert Greater Antilles and scrub to tropical forest. adjacent small islands.

Extremely swift flight, movement of wings makes humming sound. Dwells deeper in caves than any other

Jamaican bat.

Dry territories of the province Northwestern Peru and of Guanacaste, and the environs northern Venezuela to

Most likely consists mainly of insects.

Lower Risk/Near Threatened

Mainly insects.

Not threatened of Quepos to the northern Caribbean slope from sea level to 1,310 ft (400 m). Take refuge in caverns with high temperatures. Nocturnal.

Low territories of the Caribbean and Pacific slopes, from sea level to 4,920 ft (1,500 m). Refuge is usually caverns. Gregarious and nocturnal.

Large chambers and passageways far from the cave entrance. Roost In large colonies.

southern Baja California, southern Sonora, and Nuevo Leon, Mexico; Trinidad; and southern Lesser Antilles.

Southern Veracruz, Mexico, to Peru, northeastern Brazil, and Guyana.

Insects caught in the air. Not threatened

Habana and Guanabacoa, Mainly insects. Cuba.

Dry and humid low territories of the Pacific slope, from sea level to 1,310 ft (400 m). Roost in large colonies. Nocturnal.

Roost in caves and tunnels, as well as houses. May also shelter in hollows of plants. Seek darker recesses when in caves. Generally hang singly rather than in compact masses.

Colombia, Peru, Brazil, and Suriname to southern Sonora and southern Tamaulipas, Mexico; and Trinidad.

Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, and Puerto Rico.

Insects.

Mainly insects.

Vulnerable

Not threatened

Lower Risk/Near Threatened

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