Dyak fruit bat

Dyacopterus spadiceus

SUBFAMILY

Pteropodinae

TAXONOMY

Cynopteropus spadiceus (Thomas, 1890), Baram, Sarawak, Malaysia.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

None known.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Head and body length, 3.9-5.9 in (10-15 cm); forearm length, 3-3.5 in (7.6-9 cm); tail length, 0.5-0.7 in (1.3-1.8 cm); weight, 2.5-3.5 oz (70-100 g). Pelage brown back and flanks, off-white ventrum, light yellow shoulders.

DISTRIBUTION

Islands of Southeast Asia including the southern Philippines.

HABITAT

Lowland primary forest and montane forest. Has been observed in open areas.

BEHAVIOR

Little known. May be monogamous.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Little known, but skull and dental morphology suggests fruit. One group was observed consuming figs.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Little known. Some captured males had functional mammary glands and were lactating. This suggests that males may be involved in care of offspring. Thought to be polygamous.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Lower Risk/Near Threatened.

I Cynopterus sphinx I Eonycteris spelaea I Macroglossus sobrinus

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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