Distribution

Except for bats of the family Vespertilionidae, molossids have the widest distribution of any family of bats. They are found throughout the warmer parts of the world, including southern Europe, much of Africa, southern Asia, Malaysia, Australia, the Australasian region east to Fiji, in central and southern North America, Central America, the Caribbean Islands, and all except the southern-most portion of South America.

Greater house bat (Molossus ater) face, seen in Ecuador. (Photo by S. C. Bisserot. Bruce Coleman, Inc. Reproduced by permission.)

Beccari's mastiff bat (Mormopterus beccarii) is found in Northern Territory and Queensland, Australia. (Photo by Frithfoto. Bruce Coleman, Inc. Reproduced by permission.)

Greater house bat (Molossus ater) face, seen in Ecuador. (Photo by S. C. Bisserot. Bruce Coleman, Inc. Reproduced by permission.)

Beccari's mastiff bat (Mormopterus beccarii) is found in Northern Territory and Queensland, Australia. (Photo by Frithfoto. Bruce Coleman, Inc. Reproduced by permission.)

buildings, mines, tunnels, culverts, under bridges, and in bat houses. They are commonly found under corrugated steel roofs, roof tiles, or in attics of tropical houses, and they tolerate high temperatures that can exceed 130°F (55°C).

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