Both solenodon species are listed as Endangered by the IUCN. Both species were written off as extinct in the early twentieth century, but were subsequently rediscovered. Ironically, solenodons are among a mere handful of surviving mammal species among a large and varied array of recently
Side view of a solenodon skull (top). Side view of the inner lower jaw showing the groove along which venomous saliva flows. (Illustration by Wendy Baker)
extinct native mammals in the Antilles, including rodents, New World monkeys, sloths, and other insectivores.
Solenodons are threatened by deforestation, predation by introduced animals, and killing by humans who consider them pests.
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