Bornean smoothtailed tree shrew

Dendrogale melanura

SUBFAMILY

Tupaiinae

TAXONOMY

Dendrogale melanura (Thomas, 1892), Sarawak, Malaysia. OTHER COMMON NAMES

German: Bergspitzhornchen; Spanish: Tupaya de Borneo. PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Head and body length 5 in (13 cm); tail length 4.5 in (11 cm); body mass 1.5 oz (43 g). Small-bodied. Dark brown fur dor-sally and pale buff ventrally. Short snout; ear flaps large. Prominent orange-brown rings around eyes. Weakly marked facial streaks present on either side of the face, extending from the snout to the ear. No shoulder stripes present. Claws notably sharp. Tail covered with fine smooth hair and darkening towards the tip.

DISTRIBUTION

Northern Borneo.

HABITAT

Evergreen tropical rainforests. BEHAVIOR

Diurnal and predominantly arboreal. FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Little studied in the wild. Seems to feed predominantly on insects.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Monogamous. Females have one pair of teats. No other specific information on reproduction available.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Listed as Vulnerable.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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