Pteropus alecto Temminck, 1837, Sulawesi, Indonesia.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Pygmy fruit bat, gray fruit bat.
Head and body length (19-28 cm), forearm 6-7.5 in (15-19 cm), wingspan up to 3.3 ft (1 m) weight 1.1-2.2 lb (500-1,000 g). The fur on the head is black, the mantle ranges from chocolate brown to reddish brown, and white hairs frequently appear over the body, including the underside.
Sulawesi, Salayer Island, Baweam and Kangean islands to the Java Sea, Lombok, Sumba and Savu islands, southern New Guinea, northern and eastern Australia.
Found in tropical and subtropical forest and woodlands. BEHAVIOR
Males will establish territory and will groom themselves on a daily basis. Groups will return to the same site to roost year after year. On occasion, they will share their roosts with gray-headed flying foxes (P. poliocephalus).
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
These groups will travel up 30 mi (50 km) to forage. Nectar, fruit, and tree blossoms are the principal diet. They do not eat citrus fruits.
Polygynous. Camps congregate from early to late summer. Birthing season is October to November in southern Queensland and January to February in the Northern Territory. This difference relates to the availability of food resources. The young are carried by the mothers until approximately fours weeks and then are left at the roost site. Juvenile or immature bats do not leave but remain together and form winter camps.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
Hunted for food. Performs valuable pollination and seed dispersal of plants. ♦
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