T. Scarabino, F. Nemore, G. M. Giannatempo, A. Simeone, A. Maggialetti, N. Maggialetti, U. Salvolini
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies of the brain can be classified into two general categories based on the type of information that is being collected: morphological or functional. Standard morphological studies are performed to depict tissue, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) spaces, vessels and fibre bundles; functional studies include mapping of brain function (fMRI), perfusion and diffusion imaging, and metabolic studies by means of spectroscopy.
Standard 3.0 T MR scanning offers better quality images than lower-strength systems, thereby providing superb detail of the brain. Its increased spatial resolution is a major advantage in investigating certain diseases, such as brain tumours requiring tissue characterization, spatial work-up and pre-surgical planning, and difficult to identify congenital abnormalities.
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