The great majority of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies of white matter diseases have been conducted so far on 1.5 T MR scanners. This is likely to change over the next few years with the increased availability of high-field MR scanners. With a magnetic field strength of 3.0 T or higher, a variety of exciting improvements in clinical and research applications are expected. First exclusively employed for research, more than a hundred of these 'new generation' high-field MR scanners are now in use worldwide and are likely to become the next 'gold standard' in the clinical practice.
The aim of the present chapter is to review some of the latest research that has taken advantage of high-field MR scanners for the study of white matter diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS).
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