• hilum: nature of blood vessels, presence of lymph nodes and accessory spleen.

• capsule: colour, thickened with perisplenitis (sugar icing). If defect/laceration is present, record location, length, depth. Record any other focal changes.

• examine the cut surface for:

- colour: infarcts are pale.

- consistency: soft/diffluent in sepsis, firm in portal hypertension, wax-like in amyloidosis.

- white pulp: size of individual nodules if prominent.

- fibrous bands: present/ absent.

- nodules/masses: record number, size, colour, presence of haemorrhage or necrosis.

- diffuse involvement.

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