Benign Tumours

Most benign tumours are identified incidentally on chest X-ray as solitary lung nodules. Recent advances in minimally invasive surgery, such as video-assisted thoracic surgery, have lowered the threshold for early referral and surgical excision.

Chondroid hamartoma: the most common benign lung tumour, it consists of a mass of cartilage with entrapped epithelial structures. Other connective tissue elements such as bone, adipose tissue, and fibrous tissue may be present.

Other benign tumours include lipoma, sclerosing haemangioma and haemangiopericytoma.

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