World Medical Association Declaration Of Helsinki

Notably, the Nuremberg Code only addresses research involving healthy subjects. In an effort to address the ethical aspects of research involving patients, the World Medical Association drafted the Declaration of Helsinki in 1964 (World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki, 1964). As with the Nuremberg Code, informed consent, the need for favorable risk-to-benefit ratios, and subject voluntariness are central features of the Declaration. However, the Declaration also addresses proxy consent (e.g., when potential subjects have impaired decision-making capacity), the use of control groups and placebos, and nontherapeutic research.

Blood Pressure Health

Blood Pressure Health

Your heart pumps blood throughout your body using a network of tubing called arteries and capillaries which return the blood back to your heart via your veins. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as your heart beats.Learn more...

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