Table 571

Extrinsic and intrinsic domains hypothesized to contribute to frailty in older adults. Adapted from Studenski et al. (2004)

Intrinsic Domains

Extrinsic Domains



Grip, chair rise

Grooming, posture, hygiene


Heathcare utilization

Falls, balance exam

Hospitalization, MD visits


Medical complexity

Weight, albumin, cholesterol

Number, severity of conditions


Perceived health

Self-report fatigue, physical activity

Patient/other opinion of health


Activities of daily living

Speed of movement, attention, coordination

ADLs, lADLs, travel


Emotional status

Walking, transfers, stairs

Depression, anxiety

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