Super Memory Formula

Cure for Dementia Found

Get Instant Access

Annoni, J.M., Ackermann, D., and Kesselring, J. (1990). Respiratory function in chronic hemiplegia. Int Disabil Stud 12(2), 78-80.

Aslanyan, S., Weir, C.J., Diener, H.C., Kaste, M., and Lees, K.R. (2004). Pneumonia and urinary tract infection after acute ischaemic stroke: A tertiary analysis of the GAIN International trial. Eur J Neurol 11(1), 49-53.

Bentley, D.W. (1984). Bacterial pneumonia in the elderly: Clinical features, diagnosis, etiology, and treatment. Gerontology 30, 297-307.

Bohannon, R.W., Maljanian, R., and Ferullo, J. (2004). Mortality and readmission of the elderly one year after hospitalization for pneumonia. Aging Clin Exp Res 16(1), 22-25.

Chan, C.H.S., Woo, J., Or, K.K.H., Chan, R.C.Y., and Cheung, W. (1995). The effect of age on the presentation of patients with tuberculosis. Tubercle and Lung Disease 76, 290-294.

Chen, H.X., Ryan, P.A., Ferguson, R.P., Yataco, A., Markowitz, J.A., and Raksis, K. (1998). Characteristics of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc 46(2), 153-156.

Cloud, G.C., Browne, R., Salooja, N., and McLean, K.A. (2003). Newly diagnosed HIV infection in an octogenarian: The elderly are not "immune." Age Ageing 32(3), 353-354.

Croghan, J.E., Burke, E.M., Caplan, S., and Denman, S. (1994). Pilot study of 12-month outcomes of nursing home patients with aspiration on videofluoroscopy. Dysphagia 9(3), 141-146.

Cummings, S.R. and Melton, L.J. (2002). Epidemiology and outcomes of osteoporotic fractures. Lancet 359(9319), 1761-1767.

Cuttitta, G., Cibella, F., Bellia, V., Grassi, V., Cossi, S., Bucchieri, S. et al. (2001). Changes in FVC during methacholine-induced bronchoconstriction in elderly patients with asthma: bronchial hyperresponsiveness and aging. Chest 119(6), 1685-1690.

El-Solh, A.A., Pietrantoni, C., Bhat, A., Aquilina, A.T., Okada, M., Grover V. et al. (2003). Microbiology of severe aspiration pneumonia in institutionalized elderly. Am JRespir Crit Care Med 167(12), 1650-1654.

El-Solh, A.A., Pietrantoni, C., Bhat, A., Okada, M., Zambon, J., Aquilina, A. et al. (2004). Colonization of dental plaques: A reservoir of respiratory pathogens for hospital-acquired pneumonia in institutionalized elders. Chest 126(5), 1575-1582.

El-Solh, A.A., Sikka, P., Ramadan, F., and Davies, J. (2001). Etiology of severe pneumonia in the very elderly. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 163(3 Pt 1), 645-651.

Enright, P.L., Kronmal, R.A., Higgins, M., Schenker, M., and Haponik F. (1993). Spirometry reference values for women and men 65 to 85 years of age. Am Rev Respir Dis 147, 125-133.

Enright, P.L., Kronmal, R.A., Manolio, T.A., Schenker, M.B., and Hyatt, R.E. (1994). Respiratory muscle strength in the elderly: Correlates and reference values. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 149, 430-438.

Evans, S., Watson, L., Hawkins, M., Cowley, A., Johnston, I., and Kinnear, W. (1995). Respiratory muscle strength in chronic heart failure. Thorax 50, 625-628.

Falsey, A.R., Cunningham, C.K., Barker, W.H., Kouides, R.W., Yuen, J.B., Menegus, M. et al. (1995). Respiratory syncytial virus and influenza A infections in the hospitalized elderly. J Infect Dis 172(2), 389-394.

Falsey, A.R., Hennessey, P.A., Formica, M.A., Cox, C., and Walsh, E.E. (2005). Respiratory syncytial virus infection in elderly and high-risk adults. N Engl J Med 352(17), 1749-1759.

Falsey, A.R., McCann, R.M., Hall, W.J., Tanner, M.A., Criddle, M.M., Formica, M.A. et al. (1995b). Acute respiratory tract infection in daycare centers for older persons. J Am Geriatr Soc 43(1), 30-36.

Falsey, A.R., Treanor, J.J., Betts, R.F.,and Walsh, E.E. (1992). Viral respiratory infections in the institutionalized elderly: Clinical and epidemiologic findings. J Am Geriatr Soc 40(2), 115-119.

Fang, T.J., Li, H.Y., Tsai, F.C., and Chen, I.H. (2004). The role of glottal gap in predicting aspiration in patients with unilateral vocal paralysis. Clin Otolaryngol 29(6), 709-712.

Fein, A. (1994). Pneumonia in the elderly. Special diagnostic and therapeutic considerations. Med Clin N Amer 78, 1015-1033.

Fein, A.M., Feinsilver, S.H., and Niederman, M.S. (1991). Atypical manifestations of pneumonia in the elderly. Clin Chest Med 12(2), 319-336.

Fein, A.M. and Niederman, M.S. (1994). Severe pneumonia in the elderly. Med Clin N Amer 10, 121-143.

Fernandez-Sabe, N., Carratala, J., Roson, B., Dorca, J., Verdaguer, R., Manresa F. et al. (2003). Community-acquired pneumonia in very elderly patients: Causative organisms, clinical characteristics, and outcomes. Medicine (Baltimore) 82(3), 159-169.

Flamaing, J., Engelmann, I., Joosten, E., Van Ranst, M., Verhaegen, J., and Peetermans, W.E. (2003). Viral lower respiratory tract infection in the elderly: a prospective in-hospital study. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 22(12), 720-725.

Harper, C. and Newton, P. (1989). Clinical aspects of pneumonia in the elderly veteran. J Am Geriatr Soc 37(9), 867-872.

Helbig, J.H., Uldum, S.A., Luck, P.C., and Harrison, T.G. (2001). Detection of Legionella pneumophila antigen in urine samples by the BinaxNOW immunochromatographic assay and comparison with both Binax Legionella Urinary Enzyme Immunoassay (EIA) and Biotest Legionella Urin Antigen EIA. J. Med Microbiol 50(6), 509-516.

Heuschmann, P.U., Kolominsky-Rabas, P.L., Misselwitz, B., Hermanek, P., Leffmann, C., Janzen, R.W. et al. (2004). Predictors of in-hospital mortality and attributable risks of death after ischemic stroke: The German Stroke Registers Study Group. Arch Intern Med 164(16), 1761-1768.

Ho, J.C., Chan, K.N., Hu, W.H., Lam, W.K., Zheng, L., Tipoe, G.L. et al. (2001). The effect of aging on nasal mucociliary clearance, beat frequency, and ultrastructure of respiratory cilia. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 163(4), 983-988.

Imsand, M., Janssens, J.P., Auckenthaler, R., Mojon, P., and Budtz-Jorgensen, E. (2002). Bronchopneumonia and oral health in hospitalized older patients. A pilot study. Gerodontology 19(2), 66-72.

Janssens, J., Pache, J., and Nicod, L. (1999). Physiological changes in respiratory function associated with ageing. Eur Respir J 13, 197-205.

Janssens, J.P., Gauthey, L., Herrmann, F., Tkatch, L., and Michel, J.P. (1996). Community-acquired pneumonia in older patients. J Am Geriatr Soc 44(5), 539-544.

Janssens, J.P. and Krause, K.H. (2004). Pneumonia in the very old. Lancet Infect Dis 4(2), 112-124.

Johanson, W.G., Pierce, A.K., and Sanford, J.P. (1969). Changing pharyngeal bacterial flora of hospitalized patients. Emergence of gram-negative bacilli. N Engl J Med 281(21), 1137-1140.

Johnson, J.C., Jayadevappa, R., Baccash, P.D., and Taylor, L.

(2000). Nonspecific presentation of pneumonia in hospitalized older people: Age effect or dementia? J Am Geriatr Soc 48(10), 1316-1320.

Kaplan, V., Angus, D.C., Griffin, M.F., Clermont, G., Scott Watson, R., and Linde-Zwirble, W.T. (2002). Hospitalized community-acquired pneumonia in the elderly: Age- and sex- related patterns of care and outcome in the United States. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 165(6), 766-772.

Kaplan, V., Clermont, G., Griffin, M.F., Kasal, J., Watson, R.S., Linde-Zwirble, W.T. et al. (2003). Pneumonia: still the old man's friend? Arch Intern Med 163(3), 317-323.

Katz, P., Reichman, W., and Dube, D. (1987). Clinical features of tuberculosis in young and old veterans. J Amer Geriatr Soc 35, 512-515.

Kaye, K.S., Stalam, M., Shershen, W.E., and Kaye, D. (2002). Utility of pulse oximetry in diagnosing pneumonia in nursing home residents. Am J Med Sci 324(5), 237-242.

Kennedy, T.P. and Weber, D.J. (1994). Nontuberculous myco-bacteria: An underappreciated cause of geriatric lung disease. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 149, 1654-1658.

Kikuchi, R., Watabe, N., Konno, T., Mishina, N., Sekizawa, K., and Sasaki, H. (1994). High incidence of silent aspiration in elderly patients with community-acquired pneumonia. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 150, 251-253.

Korzeniewska-Kosela, M., Krysl, J., Müller, N., Black, W., Allen, E., and FitzGerald, J.M. (1994). Tuberculosis in young adults and the elderly: A prospective comparison study. Chest 106, 28-32.

Kronenberg, R. and Drage, G. (1973). Attenuation of the venti-latory and heart rate responses to hypoxia and hypercapnia with aging in normal man. J Clin Invest 52, 1812-1819.

Laszlo, A., Gianelli, S., Laurencet, F., Krause, K.H., and Janssens, J.P. (2003). Successful treatment of disseminated tuberculosis and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in an 81-y-old woman. Scand J Infect Dis 35(6-7), 420-422.

Laszlo, A., Lambert, V., Michel, J.P., and Janssens, J.P.

(2001). Acute community acquired pneumopathy caused by Nocardia asteroides in a 93-year-old female patient. Ann Med Interne (Paris) 152(6), 407-409.

Leibovitz, A., Dan, M., Zinger, J., Carmeli, Y., Habot, B., and Segal, R. (2003a). Pseudomonas aeruginosa and the oropharyngeal ecosystem of tube-fed patients. Emerg Infect Dis 9(8), 956-959.

Leibovitz, A., Plotnikov, G., Habot, B., Rosenberg, M., and Segal, R. (2003b). Pathogenic colonization of oral flora in frail elderly patients fed by nasogastric tube or percutaneous enterogastric tube. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 58(1), 52-55.

Leibovitz, A., Plotnikov, G., Habot, B., Rosenberg, M., Wolf, A., Nagler, R. et al. (2003c). Saliva secretion and oral flora in prolonged nasogastric tube-fed elderly patients. Isr Med Assoc J 5(5), 329-332.

Lieberman, D., Schlaeffer, F., and Porath, A. (1997). Community-acquired pneumonia in old age: A prospective study of 91 patients admitted from home. Age Ageing 26(2), 69-75.

Lim, W.S. and Macfarlane, J.T. (2001). A prospective comparison of nursing home acquired pneumonia with community acquired pneumonia. Eur Respir J 18(2), 362-368.

Macfarlane, J.T., Miller, A.C., Roderick Smith, W.H., Morris, A.H., and Rose, D.H. (1984). Comparative radiographic features of community acquired Legionnaires' disease, pneumococcal pneumonia, mycoplasma pneumonia, and psittacosis. Thorax 39(1), 28-33.

Marik, P.E. (2001). Aspiration pneumonitis and aspiration pneumonia. N Engl J Med 344(9), 665-671.

Marrie, T.J. and Blanchard, W. (1997). A comparison of nursing home-acquired pneumonia patients with patients with community-acquired pneumonia and nursing home patients without pneumonia. J Am Geriatr Soc 45(1), 50-55.

Mathur, P., Sacks, L., Auten, G., Sall, R., Levy, C., and Gordin, F. (1994). Delayed diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in city hospitals. Arch Intern Med 154, 306-310.

McMeeking, A.A., Schwartz, L., and Garay, S. (1989). Don't forget AIDS at any age. J Am Geriatr Soc 37(12), 1204-1205.

Morrison, R.S. and Siu, A.L. (2000). Survival in end-stage dementia following acute illness. Jama 284(1), 47-52.

Mylotte, J.M., Goodnough, S., and Naughton, B.J. (2003). Pneumonia versus aspiration pneumonitis in nursing home residents: Diagnosis and management. J Am Geriatr Soc 51(1), 17-23.

Nadrous, H.F., Antonios, V.S., Terrell, C.L., and Ryu, J.H. (2003). Pulmonary cryptococcosis in nonimmuno-compromised patients. Chest 124(6), 2143-2147.

Niimi, A., Matsumoto, H., Ueda, T., Takemura, M., Suzuki, K., Tanaka, E. et al. (2003). Impaired cough reflex in patients with recurrent pneumonia. Thorax 58(2), 152-153.

Nishimura, Y., Maeda, H., Tanaka, K., Nakamura, H., Hashimoto, Y., and Yokoyama, M. (1994). Respiratory muscle strength and hemodynamics in chronic heart failure. Chest 105, 355-359.

OFSP (2003). La legionellose en Suisse de 1999 a 2001 (Legionella infection in Switzerland from 1999 to 2001). Bulletin de l'OFSP (Federal Agency for Public Health) 120(7), 116-120.

Peterson, D., Pack, A., Silage, D. et al. (1981). Effects of aging on ventilatory and occlusion pressure responses to hypoxia and hypercapnia. Am Rev Respir Dis 124, 387-391.

Polkey, M.I., Harris, M.L., Hughes, P.D., Hamnegard, C.-H., Lyons, D., Green, M. et al. (1997). The contractile properties of the elderly human diaphragm. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 155, 1560-1564.

Prince, D., Peterson, D., Steiner, R., Gottlieb, J., Scott, R., Israel, H. et al. (1989). Infection with mycobacterium avium complex in patients without predisposing conditions. N Engl J Med 321, 863-868.

Quanjer, P., Tammeling, G., Cotes, J., Pederson, O., Peslin, R., and Yernault, J. (1993). Lung volumes and forced expiratory flows. Eur Respir J Suppl 16, 5-40.

Riquelme, R., Torres, A., El-Ebiary, M., de la Bellacasa, J.P., Estruch, R., Mensa, J. et al. (1996). Community-acquired pneumonia in the elderly: A multivariate analysis of risk and prognostic factors. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 154(5), 1450-1455.

Riquelme, R., Torres, A., el-Ebiary, M., Mensa, J., Estruch, R., Ruiz, M. et al. (1997). Community-acquired pneumonia in the elderly. Clinical and nutritional aspects. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 156(6), 1908-1914.

Rosenzweig, R. and Fillit, H. (1992). Probable heterosexual transmission of AIDS in an aged woman. J Am Geriatr Soc 40(12), 1261-1264.

Rothan-Tondeur, M., Meaume, S., Girard, L., Weill-Engerer, S., Lancien, E., Abdelmalak, S. et al. (2003). Risk factors for nosocomial pneumonia in a geriatric hospital: a control-case one-center study. J Am Geriatr Soc 51(7), 997-1001.

Saldias Penafiel, F., O'Brien Solar, A., Gederlini Gollerino, A., Farias Gontupil, G., and Diaz, A. Fuenzalida (2003). Community-acquired pneumonia requiring hospitalization in immunocompetent elderly patients: clinical features, prognostic factors and treatment. Arch Bronconeumol 39(8), 333-340.

Socan, M., Kosmelj, K., Marinic-Fiser, N., and Vidmar, L. (2004). A prediction model for community-acquired Chlamydia pneumoniae pneumonia in hospitalized patients. Infection 32(4), 204-209.

Stout, J.E. and Yu, V.L. (1997). Legionellosis. N Engl J Med 337(10), 682-687.

Strong, R.M., Condon, S.C., Solinger, M.R., Namihas, B.N., Ito-Wong, L.A., and Leuty, J.E. (1992). Equal aspiration rates from postpylorus and intragastric-placed small-bore nasoenteric feeding tubes: A randomized, prospective study. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 16(1), 59-63.

Sund-Levander, M., Ortqvist, A., Grodzinsky, E., Klefsgard, O., and Wahren, L.K. (2003). Morbidity, mortality and clinical presentation of nursing home-acquired pneumonia in a Swedish population. Scand J Infect Dis 35(5), 306-310.

Terpenning, M. and Shay, K. (2002). Oral health is cost-effective to maintain but costly to ignore. J Am Geriatr Soc 50(3), 584-585.

Tolep, K., Higgins, N., Muza, S., Criner, G., and Kelsen, S. (1995). Comparison of diaphragm strength between healthy adult elderly and young men. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 152, 677-682.

Torres, O.H., Munoz, J., Ruiz, D., Ris, J., Gich, I., Coma, E. et al. (2004). Outcome predictors of pneumonia in elderly patients: importance of functional assessment. J Am Geriatr Soc 52(10), 1603-1609.

Tracy, J.F., Logemann, J.A., Kahrilas, P.J., Jacob, P., Kobara, M., and Krugler, C. (1989). Preliminary observations on the effects of age on oropharyngeal deglutition. Dysphagia 4(2), 90-94.

Troy, C.J., Peeling, R.W., Ellis, A.G., Hockin, J.C., Bennett, D.A., Murphy, M.R. et al. (1997). Chlamydia pneumoniae as a new source of infectious outbreaks in nursing homes. JAMA 277(15), 1214-1218.

Tzeng, A.C. and Bach, J.R. (2000). Prevention of pulmonary morbidity for patients with neuromuscular disease. Chest 118(5), 1390-1396.

Valenti, W.M., Trudell, R.G., and Bentley, D.W. (1978). Factors predisposing to oropharyngeal colonization with gramnegative bacilli in the aged. N Engl J Med 298(20), 1108-1111.

Watando, A., Ebihara, S., Ebihara, T., Okazaki, T., Takahashi, H., Asada, M. et al. (2004). Daily oral care and cough reflex sensitivity in elderly nursing home patients. Chest 126(4), 1066-1070.

Yoneyama, T., Yoshida, M., Ohrui, T., Mukaiyama, H., Okamoto, H., Hoshiba, K. et al. (2002). Oral care reduces pneumonia in older patients in nursing homes. J Am Geriatr Soc 50(3), 430-433.

Zalacain, R., Torres, A., Celis, R., Blanquer, J., Aspa, J., Esteban, L.R. et al. (2003). Community-acquired pneumonia in the elderly: Spanish multicentre study. Eur Respir J 21(2), 294-302.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Unraveling Alzheimers Disease

Unraveling Alzheimers Disease

I leave absolutely nothing out! Everything that I learned about Alzheimer’s I share with you. This is the most comprehensive report on Alzheimer’s you will ever read. No stone is left unturned in this comprehensive report.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment