References

Grow Younger Blood

Longevity Health and Wellness Protocol

Get Instant Access

Anthony, E.L.P. (1988). Age determination in bats. In Ecological and Behavioral Methods for the Study of Bats (T.H. Kunz, ed.), pp. 47-58. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington.

Austad, S.N. (1997). Comparative aging and life histories of mammals. Exp. Gerontol. 32, 23-38.

Austad, S.N., and Fischer, K.E. (1991). Comparative aging and life histories of mammals. J. Comp. Physiol. B 119, 141-154.

Barclay, R.M.R. (1994). Constraints on reproduction by flying vertebrates: Energy and calcium. Am. Nat. 144, 1021-1031.

Barclay, R.M.R. (1995). Does energy or calcium availability constrain reproduction by bats? Symp. Zool. Soc. Lond. 67, 245-258.

Barclay, R.M.R., and Bell, G.P. (1988). Marking and observational techniques. In Ecological and Behavioral Methods for the Study of Bats (T.H. Kunz, ed.), pp. 59-76. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington.

Barclay, R.M.R., and Harder, L.D. (2003). Life histories of bats: Life in the slow lane. In Bat Ecology (T.H. Kunz and M.B. Fenton, eds.), pp. 209-253. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Batulevicius, D., Pauziene, N., and Pauza, D.H. (2001). Dental incremental lines in some small species of the European vespertilionid bats. Acta Theriol. 46, 33-42.

Baudry, M., DuBrin, R., Beasley, L., Leon, M., and Lynch, G. (1986). Low levels of calpain activity in Chiroptera brain: Implications for mechanisms of aging. Neurobiol. Aging 7, 255-258.

Bourliere, M.D. (1958). The comparative biology of aging. J. Gerontol. 13, 16-24.

Brunet-Rossinni, A.K. (2004). Reduced free-radical production and extreme longevity in the little brown bat (Myotis lucifugus) versus two non-flying mammals. Mech. Ageing Dev. 125, 11-20.

Brunet-Rossinni, A.K., and Austad, S.N. (2004). Ageing studies on bats: A review. Biogerontol. 5, 211-222.

Brunet-Rossinni, A.K., and Wilkinson, G.S. in review. Methods for age determination and the study of senescence in bats. In Ecological and Behavioral Methods for the Study of Bats, 2nd ed. (T.H. Kunz and S. Parsons, eds.). Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

Chien, K.R., and Karsenty, G. (2005). Longevity and lineages: Toward the integrative biology of degenerative diseases in heart, muscle and bone. Cell 120, 533-544.

Christofalo, V.J., and Pignolo, R.J. (1995). Cell culture as a model. In Handbook of Physiology Sect. 11: Aging (E.J. Masoro, ed.), pp. 53-82. American Physiological Society, New York.

Constantine, D.G. (1988). Heath precautions for bat researchers. In Ecological and Behavioral Methods for the Study of Bats (T.H. Kunz, ed.), pp. 491-528. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington.

Cool, S.M., Bennett, M.B., and Romaniuk, K. (1994). Age estimation of pteropodid bats (Megachiroptera) from hard tissue parameters. Wildl. Res. 21, 353-364.

Cooper, C., and Melton, L.J.I. (1996). Magnitude and impact of osteoporosis and fractures. In Osteoporosis. (J. Kelsey, ed.), pp. 419-434. Academic Press, San Diego.

Dickson, J.M., and Green, D.G. (1970). The vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus): Improved methods of laboratory care and handling. Lab. Anim. 4, 37-44.

Gaisler, J., Hanak, V., Hanzal, V., and Jarksy, V. (2003). Results of bat banding in the Czech and Slovak republics, 1948-2000. Vespertilio 7, 3-63. (In Czech, English summary).

Hall, J.S., Cloutier, R.J., and Griffin, D R. (1957). Longevity records and notes on tooth wear of bats. J. Mammal. 38, 407-409.

Harman, D. (1956). Aging: A theory based on free radical radiation chemistry. J. Gerontol. 11, 298-300.

Heideman, P.D. (2000). Environmental regulation of reproduction. In Reproductive Biology of Bats (E.G. Crichton and P.H. Krutzsch, eds.), pp. 469-500. Academic Press, London.

Herreid, C.F. (1964). Bat longevity and metabolic rate. Exp. Gerontol. 1, 1-9.

Herrero, A., and Barja, G. (1998). H2O2 production of heart mitochondria and aging rate are slower in canaries and parakeets than in mice: Sites of free radical generation and mechanisms involved. Mech. Ageing Dev. 103, 133-146.

Issac, S., Balasingh, J., Nathan, P.T., Doss, D.P., Sudhakaran, M.R., and Kunz, T.H. (2003). An improved, beaded, polymer necklace for marking bats. Bat Res. News. 44, 87-89.

Johnston, D.S. (1997). Social and behavioral well-being of captive bats. J. Wildl. Rehab. 20, 15-18.

Jones, K.E., and MacLarnon, A. (2001). Bat life histories: Testing models of mammalian life-history evolution. Evol. Ecol. Res. 3, 465-476.

Jurgens, K.D., and Prothero, J. (1987). Scaling of maximal lifespan in bats. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A 88, 361-367.

Kirkegaard, M., and Jorgensen, J.M. (2000). Continuous hair cell turnover in the inner ear vestibular organs of a mammal, the

Daubenton's bat (Myotis daubentonii). Naturwissenschaften. 87, 83-86.

Kirkwood, T.B.L. (1977). Evolution of ageing. Nature 270, 301-304.

Klevezal', G.A., and Kleinenberg, S.E. (1967). Age determination of mammals from annual layers in teeth and bones. Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem, TT 69-55033 (1969). (Translated from Russian).

Ku, H.-H., Brunk, U.T., and Sohal, R.S. (1993). Relationship between mitochondrial superoxide and hydrogen peroxide production and longevity of mammalian species. Free Radic. Biol. Med. 15, 621-627.

Kunz, T.H. (1982). Roosting ecology. In Ecology of Bats (T.H. Kunz, ed.), pp. 1-55. Plenum Press, New York.

Kunz, T.H., and Anthony, E.L.P. (1982). Age estimation and post-natal growth in the bat Myotis lucifugus. J. Mammal. 63, 23-32.

Kunz, T.H., and Kurta, A. (1988). Capture methods and holding devices. In Ecological and Behavioral Methods for the Study of Bats (T.H. Kunz, ed.), pp. 1-29. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington.

Kurta, A., and Kunz, T.H. (1987). Size of bats at birth and maternal investment during pregnancy. Symp. Zool. Soc. Lond. 57, 79-106.

Kwiecinski, G.G., Krook, L., and Wimsatt, W.A. (1987). Annual skeletal changes in the little brown bat, Myotis lucifigus, with particular reference to pregnancy and lactation. Am. J. Anat. 178, 410-420.

Lee, M., Choi, I., and Park, K. (2002). Activation of stress signaling molecules in bat brain during arousal from hibernation. J. Neurochem. 82, 867-873.

Lollar, A., and Schmidt-French, B. (1998). Captive Care and Medical Reference for the Rehabilitation of Insectivorous Bats. Bat World Publications, Mineral Wells, Texas.

Pauziene, N., Pauza, D.H., and Stropus, R. (2000). Morphological study of the heart innervation of bats Myotis daubentonii and Eptesicus serotinus (Microchiroptera:Vespertilionidae) during hibernation. Eu. J. Morphol. 38, 195-205.

Pearl, R. (1928). The Rate of Living. A.A. Knopf, New York.

Phillips, C.J., Steinberg, B., and Kunz, T.H. (1982). Dentin, cementum, and age determination in bats: A critical evaluation. J. Mammal 63, 197-207.

Racey, P.A. (1982). Ecology of bat reproduction. In Ecology of Bats (T. H. Kunz, ed.), pp. 57-104. Plenum Press, New York.

Racey, P.A. (1988). Reproductive assessment in bats. In Ecological and Behavioral Methods for the Study of Bats (T.H. Kunz, ed.), pp. 31-46. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington.

Rachmatulina, I.K. (1992). Major demographic characteristics of populations of certain bats from Azerbaijan. In Prague Studies in Mammalogy (J. Horacek and V. Vohralik, eds.), pp. 127-141. Charles University Press, Prague.

Ransome, R.D. (1995). Earlier breeding shortens life in female greater horseshoe bats. Phill. Trans. Soc. Lond. B 350, 153-161.

Read, A.F., and Harvey, P.H. (1989). Life-history differences among the eutherian radiations. J. Zoo. Lond. 219, 329-353.

Rohme, D. (1981). Evidence for a relationship between longevity of mammalian species and lifespans of normal fibroblasts in vitro and erythrocytes in vivo. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 78, 5009-5013.

Sacher, G.A. (1959). Relation of lifespan to brain weight and body weight in mammals. Ciba Found. Coll. 5, 115-141.

Schwartz, J.B., and Zipes, D.P. (2005). Cardiovascular disease in the elderly. In Braunwalds Heart Disease, A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine (D.P. Zipes and E. Braunwald, eds.), pp. 1925-1949. Elsevier Saunders, Pennsylvania.

Simmons, N.B. (2000). Bat phylogeny: An evolutionary context for comparative studies. In Ontogeny, Functional Ecology, and Evolution of Bats (R.A. Adams and S.S. Pedersen, eds.), pp. 9-58. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Simmons, N.B., and Conway, T.M. (2003). Evolution of ecological diversity in bats. In Bat Ecology (T.H. Kunz and M.B. Fenton, eds.), pp. 493-535. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Smith, R.T. (1955). Histoplasmosis: A review with an epidemiological and clinical study of an outbreak occurring in Minnesota. J. Lancet 75, 83-100.

Speakman, JR., and Thomas, D.W. (2003). Physiological ecology and energetics of bats. In Bat Ecology (T.H. Kunz and M.B. Fenton, eds.), pp. 209-253. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Tuttle, M.D., and Stevenson, D. (1982). Growth and survival of bats. In Ecology of Bats (T.H. Kunz, ed.), pp. 105-150. Plenum Press, New York.

Wallace, D.C. (2001). A mitochondrial paradigm for degenerative diseases and ageing. Novartis Found. Symp. 235, 247-263.

Wilkinson, G.S., and South, J.M. (2002). Life history, ecology and longevity in bats. Aging Cell 1, 124-131.

Williams, G.C. (1957). Pleiotropy, natural selection and the evolution of senescence. Evol. 11, 398-411.

Wilson, D.E. (1988). Maintaining bats for captive studies. In Ecological and Behavioral Methods for the Study of Bats (T.H. Kunz, ed.), pp. 247-263. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Your Heart and Nutrition

Your Heart and Nutrition

Prevention is better than a cure. Learn how to cherish your heart by taking the necessary means to keep it pumping healthily and steadily through your life.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment