References

Barja, G. (1999). Measurements of mitochondrial oxygen radical production. In Yu, BP., Ed., Methods in Aging Research, pp. 533-549, CRC, Boca Raton.

Barja, G. (2002). The quantitative measurement of H2Ö2 generation in isolated mitochondria. J. Bioenerg. Biomembr. 34, 227-233.

Barja, G. (2004). Aging in vertebrates, and the effect of caloric restriction: A mitochondrial free radical production-DNA damage mechanism? Biol. Rev. Camb. Philos. Soc. 79, 235-251.

Boveris, A., and Chance, B. (1973). The mitochondrial generation of hydrogen peroxide. General properties and effect of hyperbaric oxygen. Biochem. J. 134, 707-716.

Boveris, A., Cadenas, E., and Stoppani, O.M. (1976). Role of ubiquinone in the mitochondrial generation of hydrogen peroxide. Biochem. J. 156, 435-444.

Cadenas, E., Boveris, A., Ragan, I., and Stoppani, A.O.M. (1977). Production of superoxide radical and hydrogen peroxide by NADH-ubiquinone reductase and ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase from beef-heart mitochondria. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 180, 248-257.

Chance, B., and Gao, G. (1994). In vivo detection of radicals in biological reactions. Environm. Health Persp. 102, 29-32.

Drew, B., Phaneuf, S., Dirks, A., Selman, C., Gredilla, R., Lezza, A., Barja, G., and Leeuwenburgh, C. (2003). Effects of aging and caloric restriction on mitochondrial energy production in gastrocnemius muscle and heart. Amer. J. Physiol. 284, R474-R480.

Dykens, J.A. (1994). Isolated cerebral and cerebellar mitochondria produced free radicals when exposed to elevated Ca2+ and Na+: Implications for neurodegeneration. J. Neurochem. 63, 584-591.

Giulivi, C., Boveris, A., and Cadenas, E. (1995). Hydroxyl radical generation during mitochondrial electron transfer and the formation of hydroxydesoxyguanosine in mitochondrial DNA. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 316, 909-916.

Gredilla, R., Sanz, A., Lopez-Torres, M., and Barja, G. (2001). Caloric restriction decreases mitochondrial free radical generation at Complex I and lowers oxidative damage to mitochondrial DNA in the rat heart. FASEB J. 15, 1589-1591.

Hagopian, K., Harper, M.E., Ram, J.J., Humble, S.J., Weindruch, R., and Ramsey, J.J. (2005). Long-term calorie restriction reduces proton leak and hydrogen peroxide production in liver mitochondria. Am. J. Physiol. 288, E674-678.

Han, D., Williams, E., and Cadenas, E. (2001). Mitochondrial respiratory chain-dependent generation of superoxide anion and its release into the intermembrane space. Biochem. J. 353, 411-416.

Harman, D. (1956). A theory based on free radical and radical chemistry. J. Gerontol. 11, 298-300.

Herrero, A., and Barja, G. (1997). Sites and mechanisms responsible for the low rate of free radical production of heart mitochondria in the long lived pigeon. Mech. Ageing Dev. 98, 95-111.

Inoguchi, T., Li, P., Umeda, F., Yu, H.Y., Kakimoto, M., Imamura, M., et al. (2000). High glucose level and free fatty acid stimulate reactive oxygen species production through protein kinase C-dependent activation of NAD(P)H oxidase in cultured vascular cells. Diabetes 49, 1939-1945.

Ku, H.H., Brunk, U.T., and Sohal, R.S. (1993). Relationship between mitochondrial superoxide and hydrogen peroxide production and longevity of mammalian species. Free Rad. Biol. Med. 15, 621-627.

Lai, J.C.K., and Clark, J.B. (1979). Preparation of synaptic and nonsynaptic mitochondria from mammalian brain. Methods Enzymol. 55, 51-60.

Lambert, A.J., and Brand, M.D. (2004). Superoxide production by NADH: ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I) depends on the pH gradient across the mitochondrial inner membrane. Biochem. J. 382, 511-517.

Lass, A., and Sohal, R.S. (2000). Effect of coenzyme Q(10) and alpha-tocopherol content of mitochondria on the production of superoxide anion radicals. FASEB J. 14, 87-94.

Lopez-Torres, M., Gredilla, R., Sanz, A., and Barja, G. (2002). Influence of aging and long-term caloric restriction on oxygen radical generation and oxidative DNA damage in rat liver mitochondria. Free Rad. Biol. Med. 32, 882-889.

Loschen, G., Flohe, L., and Chance, B. (1971). Respiratory chain linked H2O2 production in pigeon heart mitochondria. FEBS Lett. 18, 261-274.

Matiasson, G. (2004). Analysis of mitochodrial generation and release of reactive oxygen species. Cytometry Part A. 62, 89-96.

Mela, L., and Seitz, S. (1979). Isolation of mitochondria with emphasis on heart mitochondria from small amounts of tissue. Methods Enzymol. 55, 39-46.

Muller, F.L., Liu, Y., and Van Remmen, H. (2004). Complex III releases superoxide to both sides of the inner mitochondrial membrane. J. Biol. Chem. 279, 49064-49073.

Prat, A.G., Bolter, C., Chavez, U., Taylor, C., Chefurka, W., and Turrens, J. (1991). Purification of cytochrome c peroxidase for monitoring H2O2 production. Free Rad. Biol. Med. 11, 537-544.

Ruch, W., Cooper, P.H., and Baggiolini, M. (1983) Assay of H2O2 production by macrophages and neutrophils with homovanillic acid and horse-radish peroxidase. J. Immunol. Meth. 63, 347-357.

Sohal, R.S., Mockett, R.J., and Orr, W.C. (2002). Mechanisms of aging: An appraisal of the oxidative stress hypothesis. Free Rad. Biol. Med. 33, 575-586.

Takeshige, K., and Minakami, S. (1979). NADH- and NADPH-dependent formation of superoxide anions by bovine heart submitochondrial particles and NAD-ubiquinone-reductase preparation. Biochem. J. 180, 129-135.

Tarpey, M.M., Wink, D.A., and Grisham, M.B. (2004). Methods for detection of reactive metabolites of oxygen and nitrogen: in vitro and in vivo considerations. Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol. 286, R431-R444.

Towne, V., Will, M., Oswald, B., and Zhao, Q. (2004). Complexities in horseradish peroxidase-catalyzed oxidation of dihdryoxyphenoxazine derivatives: Appropriate ranges for pH values and hydrogen peroxide concentrations in quantitative analysis. Anal. Bioch. 334, 290-296.

Turrens, J.F., Alexandre, A., and Lehninger, A.L. (1985). Ubisemiquinone is the electron donor for superoxide formation by complex III of heart mitochondria. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 237, 408-414.

Votyakova, T.V., and Reynolds, I.J. (2004). Detection of hydrogen peroxide with Amplex Red: intereference by NADH and reduced glutathione auto-oxidation. Arch. Bioch. Biophys. 431, 138-144.

Zhou, M., Diwu, Z., Panchuk-Voloshine, N., and Haugland, R.P. (1997). A stable nonfluorescent derivative of resorufin for the fluorometric determination of trace hydrogen peroxide: Applications in detecting the activity of phagocyte NADPH oxidase and other oxidases. Anal. Bioch. 253, 162-168.

This page intentionally left blank

Blood Pressure Health

Blood Pressure Health

Your heart pumps blood throughout your body using a network of tubing called arteries and capillaries which return the blood back to your heart via your veins. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as your heart beats.Learn more...

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment