*MLS = maximum reliably documented life span. "C" denotes longevity record from captive representatives; "W" denotes record from mark-recapture records from wild populations. References: National Research Council, 1981; Murphy and King, 1990; Ku and Sohal, 1993; Nottebohm et al., 1994; Holmes, et al., 2001; Holmes and Austad 1995a; Austad, 1997; Ottinger, 2001; D. Nelson, pers. comm.; F. Nottebohm, pers. comm.

In addition, several teams of field ornithologists have published reports of aging-related declines in immunity in wild birds (for an earlier review, see Holmes and Austad, 2004).

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How To Add Ten Years To Your Life

How To Add Ten Years To Your Life

When over eighty years of age, the poet Bryant said that he had added more than ten years to his life by taking a simple exercise while dressing in the morning. Those who knew Bryant and the facts of his life never doubted the truth of this statement.

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