UFAW was founded in 1926 as the University of London Animal Welfare Society (ULAWS) by Major Charles Hume, based on his belief that "animal problems must be tackled on a scientific basis, with a maximum of sympathy but a minimum of sentimentality." Since then, UFAW has played a considerable role in improving conditions for animals. This success is not only the result of UFAW's approach to animal welfare problems, but also because it is independent and not beholden to universities, government departments, or commercial enterprises. This independence is possible due to the generous support it has received over the years in the form of donations and legacies from concerned individuals. About 50 percent of UFAW's annual income is from legacies.
UFAW's expertise is increasingly called upon to tackle animal welfare problems in the emerging field of biotechnology and wildlife management, as well as in the more traditional areas of farm, zoo, laboratory, and the home.
Over the years, several meetings were organized, including in 1999, the First Annual Vacation Scholarship meeting, held at Edinburgh, and in 2000, the UFAW Conference on Cognition and Welfare.
In 1992, UFAW established the quarterly scientific and technical journal, Animal Welfare, which now has a worldwide distribution and a high citation index. UFAW has published several publications, including the fourth edition of Management and Welfare of Farm Animals and the seventh edition of the UFAW Handbook on the Care and Management of Laboratory Animals.
MISCELLANEOUS ORGANIZATIONS Institute of Laboratory Animal Research: ILAR
Founded in 1952, the Institute for Laboratory Animal Research (ILAR) prepares authoritative reports on subjects of importance to the animal care and use community; serves as a clearinghouse for information about animal resources; and develops and makes available scientific and technical information on laboratory animals and other biological research resources to the scientific community, institutional animal care and use committees (IACUCs), the federal government, science educators, students, and the public.
Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (1996). The Guide, ILAR's most widely distributed work, is accepted by the scientific community as the main resource on animal care and use. The Guide is recognized as the standard reference by the Association for the Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care International, the Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare (NIH), and other private organizations and federal agencies. Its guidelines are based on established scientific principles, expert opinion, and experience with methods and practices consistent with high-quality, humane animal care. The Guide has been translated into several languages.
ILAR Journal is the quarterly, peer-reviewed publication of ILAR. The ILAR Journal provides thoughtful and timely information for all those who use, care for, and oversee the use of laboratory animals. The audience of ILAR Journal includes investigators in biomedical and related research, institutional officials for research, veterinarians, and members of animal care and use committees.
All other publications and ILAR reports are listed on the ILAR Web site at: http://dels.nas.edu/ilar/ and may be purchased through the National Academy Press.
ILAR, 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, D.C. 20418. E-mail: [email protected].
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