Housing for Canines and Small Agriculture Mammals

Housing for canines and small agricultural mammals (e.g., swine, ovine) is typically designed for a hose-down housing system. It should be isolated from other animal housing and human occupancy areas because of their relatively "dirty" microbial status as compared with rodents, and the fact that some species, e.g., swine, generate high noise levels. The zoonotic disease concern, while present, is not as great as with nonhuman primates with the exception of sheep, which because of concerns for Q fever, especially in connection with pregnant sheep, should be maintained under ABSL-2 standards. Animal procedure space should be provided in this area. Because these animals are commonly used as surgical research models, they should be housed near the surgical suite. Rooms may be provided for postoperative recovery and intensive care of surgical patients. Generally, these species are housed in mobile double-tiered cages, mobile single-tier pens, or fixed-floor pens (Figures 8.8 through 8.14). Even when dry bedding systems are used to house these species, routine cage and room sanitation still requires floors sloped to floor drain troughs.

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