General Considerations Location

Animal facilities should be located in a secure area isolated from the rest of the research facility for many reasons, including public health, public relations, security, human comfort, animal health, and animal husbandry considerations. Because animal allergens pose a potentially serious health risk, exposure to animals, animal dander, equipment soiled by animals, and animal waste products must be limited to personnel whose job requires exposure; and for those individuals, steps should be taken to limit exposure.8 Careful planning must reconcile the necessity for isolating the animal facility with the desirability of locating animal facilities as near as possible to the research laboratories. In addition, access and egress patterns for research staff, supplies, animals, and trash need to be carefully planned to facilitate efficiency, reduce contamination between animal rooms, and prevent unnecessary exposure of personnel to animals and animal waste products.

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