Some types of studies with dogs require individual housing for at least part if not all of the day. When studies permit, dogs are ideally suited to group housing. Because dogs are large animals with large needs for exercise, a dog facility is space demanding (Figures 8.8 through 8.14). The facility is ideally divided into three parts: indoor pens with resting places, indoor cages where the dogs can be housed individually when fed, and outdoor pens for exercise. U.S. Animal Welfare Act Regulations specify that dogs housed in cages providing less than two times the required floor space must be provided the opportunity to exercise outside of the cage on a routine basis as established by the attending veterinarian.

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