A single-story centralized facility with direct access to ground-level transportation is the most efficient facility to operate. Alternative arrangements include a central facility with dedicated elevators to gain access to ground level transportation; a central facility on multiple floors arranged around dedicated elevators; multiple autonomous units that contain all the necessary animal care and use support services; and satellite facilities that rely to varying degrees on a primary facility for some support services. If properly planned and managed, almost any arrangement can be made to work, but the more an arrangement varies from the single-floor facility with direct access to ground-level transportation, the less the operational efficiency and the greater the operational cost for the overall animal care and use program.

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