Present Role Of Laboratory Animals

As discussed previously, rodents, i.e., mice and rats, account for the overwhelming majority of all laboratory animals. This is reflected in the present scientific development of the exponentially growing number of genetically engineered mouse strains produced. Therefore, after outlining the contributions of a wide range of laboratory animals to Physiology and Medicine Nobel Prizes, we discuss the present role of laboratory animals in medical science, with the focus on mice. However, a final...

The Universities Federation for Animal Welfare UFAW

UFAW was founded in 1926 as the University of London Animal Welfare Society (ULAWS) by Major Charles Hume, based on his belief that animal problems must be tackled on a scientific basis, with a maximum of sympathy but a minimum of sentimentality. Since then, UFAW has played a considerable role in improving conditions for animals. This success is not only the result of UFAW's approach to animal welfare problems, but also because it is independent and not beholden to universities, government...

Human Benefits Of Animal Experimentation

Broadly speaking, modern animal experimentation began in seventeenth-century England and France. It has been central to our understanding of animal and human physiology ever since. A famous early example is William Harvey's investigation of the role of the heart in blood circulation. Observing the hearts of live animals with opened thoraxes, Harvey was able to see that the blood circulates in the body as a result of contractions of the heart. In the first place, then, when the chest of a living...

References

Bryant, D., Boscato, L.M., Mboloi, P.N., and Stuart, M.C., Allergy to laboratory animals among animal handlers, Med. J. Aust., 163, 415, 1995. 2. Teasdale, E.L., Davies, E.G., and Slovak, R., Anaphylaxis after bites by rodents, Br. Med. J, 286, 1480, 1993. 3. Hunskaar, S. and Fosse, R.T., Allergy to laboratory mice and rats A review of the pathophysiology, epidemiology, and clinical aspects, Lab. Anim., 34, 358, 1990. 4. Hunskaar, S. and Fosse, R.T., Allergy to laboratory mice and rats A...

Institute of Animal Technology IAT

IAT was created in the U.K. to attain proper recognition of the essential contributions to science of those employed to care for laboratory animals. To advance and promote excellence in the technology and practice of laboratory animal care and welfare. In education, IAT makes provision for animal technicians, technologists, and others professionally engaged in the field of animal science to receive appropriate training and qualifications, thus ensuring that they may contribute to advancing...