Pregnancy and Pediatric Patients 233

Elliott M. Kanner and Peter A. Netland

13.1 Glaucoma Medical Therapy in Pregnancy, 233

13.1.1 General Considerations, 233

13.1.2 Natural History of Intraocular Pressure During Pregnancy, 234

13.1.3 Teratogenicity, 234

13.1.4 FDA Safety Categories, 234

13.2 Glaucoma Medical Therapy During Lactation, 234

13.3 Glaucoma Medical Therapy in Pediatric Patients, 235

13.3.1 General Considerations, 235

13.3.2 Specific Drug Classes, 235

13.3.2.1 Prostaglandin Analogs, 235

13.3.2.2 Beta Blockers, 236

13.3.2.3 Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors, 237

13.3.2.4 Fixed Combinations, 238

13.3.2.5 Cholinergic Drugs, 238

13.3.2.6 Adrenergic Agonists, 239

13.3.2.7 Osmotic Agents, 240 13.4 Conclusion, 240

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