Osmotic Drugs 151

Peter A. Netland and Allan E. Kolker

8.1 Mechanism of Action, 152

8.2 Indications, 154

8.3 Contraindications, 154

8.4 Treatment Regimen, 154

8.5 Side Effects, 155

8.6 Drug Interactions, 158

8.7 Clinical Use, 158

8.7.1 Angle-Closure Glaucoma, 158

8.7.2 Secondary Glaucomas, 158

8.7.3 Aqueous Misdirection, 159

8.7.4 Perioperative Use, 159

8.8 Oral Osmotic Drugs, 159

8.8.1 Glycerol, 159

8.8.2 Other Oral Osmotic Drugs, 160

8.9 Intravenous Osmotic Drugs, 162

8.9.1 Mannitol, 162

8.9.2 Other Intravenous Osmotic Drugs, 162

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