Probiotic Microorganisms

Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium are the principal bacterial genera central to both probiotic and prebiotic approaches to dietary modulation of the intestinal microflora. In

Table 1 Commonly Used Probiotic Microorganisms

Lactobacillus bacterium

Bifido-

Lacto-coccus lactis subsp

Strepto- Entero-coccus coccus

Saccharomyces acidophilus, brevis, adolescentis, cremoris, thermophilus faecium delbruekii, animalis/ lactis fermentum, gasseri, lactis,a johnsonii, lactis, bifidum, breve, paracasei, infantis, lactis, plantarum, rham- longum, nosus, reuteri thermophilum cerevisiae (boulardii)h a The current taxonomic status of B. animalis and B. lactis is unclear. b Saccharomyces boulardii is likely to be identical to Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Source: From Refs. 12-16.

a b addition, there are many different microorganisms currently used as probiotics. A list of microbes commonly used as probiotics is given in Table 1. Some of these organisms have been studied much more extensively than others. It is therefore important that probiotics are referred to by their strain designation as well as their species. Although other members of the same species share most characteristics, different probiotic strains may differ in some essential properties (17).

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