Figure 1 Proposed mechanisms of immunomodulation by prebiotics for the prevention of IgE-mediated food allergies that are mediated by a skewing of the immune response at the T helper (Th) cell level towards a Th2 response. Prebiotics stimulate the growth of bifidobacteria that are sampled by the gut-associated lymphoid tissue via M-cells or dendritic cells (DC). The commensal bacteria drive a counterbalancing Th1 response producing interferon-g (IFN-g), and/or a tolerogenic response by regulatory T-cells (Tr) producing the anti-inflammatory cytokines interleukin-10 (IL-10) and transorming growth factor-b (TGF-b) that quell the allergenic Th2 response.
intestinal lumen ooo stimulate growth and fermentation eliminate pro-IBD microbial antigens
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Everything you wanted to know about. How To Cure Tennis Elbow. Are you an athlete who suffers from tennis elbow? Contrary to popular opinion, most people who suffer from tennis elbow do not even play tennis. They get this condition, which is a torn tendon in the elbow, from the strain of using the same motions with the arm, repeatedly. If you have tennis elbow, you understand how the pain can disrupt your day.