Volumetric Segmentation

Alberto F. Goldszal 1 Introduction 185

Dzung L. Pham 2 Background 185

National Institutes of Health 3 Image Segmentation Methods 186

3.1 Thresholding • 3.2 Region Growing • 3.3 fc-Nearest-Neighbor (fcNN) Classifier • 3.4 Gaussian Classifier/Clustering Methods • 3.5 Parzen Window Classifier • 3.6 Neural Networks • 3.7 Adaptive Fuzzy c-Means Segmentation • 3.8 Adaptive Bayesian Segmentation

4 Comparison and Validation 190

5 Brain Image Segmentation via Normalization into Stereotaxic Space 191

6 Concluding Remarks 192

References 193

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