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2. An KN, Jacobsen MC, Berglund LJ, Chao EYS: Application of a magnetic tracking device to kinesiologic studies. J. Biomech. 21: 613-620, 1989.

3. An KN, Himeno S, Tsumura H, Kawai T, Chao EY: Pressure distribution on articular surfaces: Application to joint stability evaluation. J Biomech. 23: 1013-1020, 1990.

4. An KN, Browne AO, Korinek S, Tanaka S, Morrey BF: Three-dimensional kinematics of glenohumeral elevation. J. Orthop. Res. 9: 143-149, 1991.

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7. Chao EYS: Determination of applied forces in linkage systems with known displacements with special application to biomechanics. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Iowa, Iowa City, 1971.

8. Chao EY: Justification of triaxial goniometer for the measurement of joint rotation. J Biomech. 13: 989-1006, 1980.

9. Chao EY, Lynch JD, Vanderploeg MJ: Simulation and animation of musculoskeletal joint system. J. Biomech. Eng. 115: 562-568, 1993.

10. An KN, Growney E, Chao EY: Measurement of joint kinematics using expert vision system. Biomed Sci Instrum. 27: 245-252, 1991.

11. Collins JJ: The redundant nature of locomotor optimization laws. J. Biomech. 28: 251-267, 1995.

12. Cox HL: The elasticity and strength of paper and other fibrous materials. British J. Appl. Phys. 3: 72-79, 1952.

13. Eckstein F, Muller-Gerbl M, Putz R: Distribution of subchondral bone density and cartilage thickness in the human patella. J. Anat. 180: 425-433, 1992.

14. Fishman EK, Ney DR, Kawashima A, Scott WW, Robertson DD: Effect of image display on the quality of multiplanar reconstruction of CT data. Inves. Radiol. 28: 146-149, 1993.

15. Fung M, Kato S, DesJardins JD, McFarland EG, Zerhouni EA, Chao EY: Three-dimensional passive in-vitro shoulder motion during arm elevation. Trans. Orthopaedic Res. Soc. 23: 737, 1998.

16. Goulet RW, Goldstein SA, Ciarelli MJ, Kuhn JL, Brown MB, Fedkamp LA: The relationship between the structural and orthogonal compressive propeties of trabecular bone. J. Biomech. 27: 375-389, 1994.

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19. Inoue N, Young DR, Chao EYS: Use of fast Fourier transform for quantitative analysis of connective tissue anisotropy. Trans. Orthopaedic Res. Soc. 20: 523, 1995.

20. Iwasaki N, Genda E, Barrance PJ, Minami A, Kaneda K, Chao EYS: Biomechanical analysis of limited intercarpal fusion for the treatment of Kienbock's Disease: A three-dimensional theoretical study. J. Orthop. Res. 16: 256-263, 1998.

21. Karlsson D, Peterson B: Towards a model for force predictions in the human shoulder. J. Biomech. 25: 189199, 1992.

22. Kato S, Fung M, DesJardins JD, McFarland EG, Zerhouni EA, Abe M, Chao EYS: Determination of changes in thoracic outlet area under simulated provocative maneuvers. Trans. Orthopaedic Res. Soc. 23: 1138, 1998.

23. Kaufman KR, An KN, Chao EYS: Incorporation of muscle architecture into the muscle length-tension relationship. J. Biomech. 22: 943-948, 1989.

24. Kaufman K, An K, Litchy W, Chao E: Physiological prediction of muscle forces — I. Theoretical formulation. Neuroscience 40: 781-790, 1991.

25. Kinchen M, McFarland EG, Barrance PJ, Fung M, Elias JJ, Chao EYS: Three-dimensional computer simulation of shoulder impingement. Trans. Orthopaedic Res. Soc. 24: 374, 1999.

26. Lease K, McFarland EG, Barrance PJ, Elias JJ, Nobuhara K, Chao EYS: Application of kinematic chain theory in passive motion of the shoulder. Trans. Orthopaedic Res. Soc. 24: 384, 1999.

27. Li G, Sakamoto M, Chao EY: A comparison of different methods in predicting static pressure distribution in articulating joints. J. Biomech. 30: 635-638, 1997.

28. Li G, Kaufman KR, Chao EYS, Rubash HE: Prediction of antagonistic muscle forces using inverse dynamics optimization during flexion/extension of the knee. J. Biomech. Eng. 121: 316-322, 1999.

29. Liu ZQ, Rangayyan RM, Frank CB: Statistical analysis of collagen alignment in ligaments by scale-space analysis. IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 38: 580-588, 1991.

30. MacWilliams BA, Choi T, Perezous MK, Chao EY, McFarland EG: Characteristic ground-reaction forces in baseball pitching. Am. J. Sports Med. 26: 66-71, 1998.

31. Minakuchi Y, Inoue N, Levin R, Manson T, Boykin A, Chao EYS: Ultrasoud velocity in human calcaneus and its relation to mechanical properties and trabecular structure. Trans. Orthopaedic Res. Soc. 22: 207, 1997.

32. Odgaard A, Kabel J, van Rietbergen B, Dalstra M, Huiskes R: Fabric and elastic principal directions of cancellous bone are closely related. J. Biomech. 30: 487495, 1997.

33. Petroll WM, Cavanagh HD, Jester JV: Assessment of stress fiber orientation during healing of radial keratotomy wounds using confocal microscopy. Scanning 20: 74-82, 1998.

34. Robb R, Hanson D: A software system for interactive and quantitative visualization of multidimensional biomedical images. Australas. Phys. Eng. Sci. Med. 14: 9-30, 1991.

35. Schuind F, Cooney WP, Linscheid RL, An KN, Chao EY: Force and pressure distribution through the normal wrist: a theoretical two-dimensional study in the posteroanterior plane. J. Biomech. 28: 587-601, 1995.

36. van Der Helm FCT: Analysis of the kinematic and dynamic behavior of the shoulder mechanism. J. Biomech. 27: 527550, 1994.

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