Hydroponic Systems

Getting Started In Hydroponics

This e-book will take you on a journey, almost like going down a garden path, and help match the right system to your situation. Along the way you will discover the most powerful system, the easiest to build system, and the most forgiving system for maintenance. And the book will help you choose which system is right for you. You'll discover. The quickest, easiest hydroponics system to build. You can get started in hours rather than days and the system is built from common materials so you can save money. 5 ways you can get started in hydroponics on a pauper's budget. You don't have to get the most complex system to get incredible results. The e-book has 2 plans that can be built out of common materials you may already have. You can get the rest at Home Depot. Which crops to grow and which to stay away from. You can grow just about anything with hydroponics but some plants will take over, stealing light and space from smaller plants. This e-book will give you insights on which plants are the easiest. and tastiest. Forbidden Hideaway. The last chapter in the book shows you how to create a space in your home to grow plants that nobody will know about. To the outside world you are an ordinary neighbor. But inside the Grow Box a different world exists that makes plants grow like crazy. Read more...

Getting Started In Hydroponics Summary


4.7 stars out of 12 votes

Contents: Ebook
Author: Simon and Stella
Official Website: www.hydroponics-simplified.com
Price: $35.00

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My Getting Started In Hydroponics Review

Highly Recommended

The writer presents a well detailed summery of the major headings. As a professional in this field, I must say that the points shared in this manual are precise.

This ebook does what it says, and you can read all the claims at his official website. I highly recommend getting this book.

Simon's Simple Hydroponics Plans

This ebook thoroughly describes the different hydroponic systems, explains the pros and cons of each setup, and so helps you decide which one would be best for you. And no matter which system you decide on, you will always have complete plans for all the setups, so you can try another system later if you want to. Here's what you will get with this ebook: Detailed parts and supplies lists. Where to buy the needed supplies. Tools you might need to get the job done. Complete Step-by-step construction guides, with tons of full-color photos and diagrams. (You won't be left scratching your head or hiring a translator). All this for Each of the following systems: The exclusive HydroPad Pvc stand. Ebb & Flow Tray Farm, Top-drip Dutch bucket garden. Deep water lettuce raft setup. (Bonus: Create an automated farm with AutoPots). So which type of hydroponics system will you choose? You don't have to decide right now! Read more...

Simons Simple Hydroponics Plans Summary

Contents: EBook
Author: Simon and Stella
Official Website: www.hydroponics-simplified.com
Price: $19.95

Perfect Startstm soil free starting sponges

The latest breakthrough in hydroponic mediums are these molded starter sponges made from organic compost and a flexible, biodegradable binder. Available in many shapes and sizes, they solve the problem growers face when wanting to use an organic medium in a hydroponic system. Namely, they do not fall apart as does rockwool and vermiculite when used to start seeds. The starting sponges exhibit perfect air to water holding capacity and when used in conjunction with their high density foam startingtrays, force roots to grow directly downwards instead of spiraling around as do many other types of starting trays.

The nutrient film technique

Work on the Nutrient Film Technique, or NFT for short, was pioneered by Allen Cooper at the Glasshouse Crops Research Institute in Littlehampton, England. Plants are placed atop an inverted 'V' shaped channel, sealed on all sides, through which a thin film of nutrient solution passes along the bottom. Roots grow down along the channel, receiving oxygen directly from the inside of the trough, while receiving water and nutrients from the thin film of nutrient below. The enclosed chamber maintains 100 humidity to protect against dehydration. Excellent results can be obtained with this system, however, maintaining the 'film' becomes difficult once the roots form large mats at the bottom of the trough. Puddling results in stagnation, depleting the roots of oxygen and fresh nutrient. Efficiency, on the other hand, is excellent because the closed trough prevents limits evaporation, while a pump reservoir combination below collects and recycles excess nutrient.

Stocking your hydroponic garden

Once your seedlings or clones have established a root system and hardened off, they can be transplanted into your system. If you used rockwool as a starting medium, this process involves nothing more than placing them into your system and turning it on. If you used a loose starting medium like perlite or cocopeat, you will need to gently remove the medium from the young roots by either rinsing or soaking them in a pail of warm water OR use a porous open-weave mesh to keep the cocopeat from falling into your system and clogging it. I have experimented with aquarium filter cloth - just a very fine layer between the cocopeat plug and the mesh baskets seems to work best. To transplant into the hydroponic planter described later in this book, dig out a

Soilfree hydroponic mediums

In most hydroponic gardens, soilfree mediums are used primarily for starting seeds and when rooting cuttings. The less medium a system requires, the easier and less expensive it is to operate. This is a major consideration for those who wish to make a profit from their hydroponic gardens. Modern day soilfree mediums have come a long way since the use of river gravel and sand. A perfect medium is one that is able to hold a nearly equal concentration of air and water. As you have leaned, your plants need both oxygen and nutrients to reach their roots. The determining factor in water air holding capacity of a medium are the small spaces between each granule or fiber. The name for these holes in the medium is interstitial spaces. Fine sand features very small interstitial spaces which cannot hold much air and water. On the other hand, coarse gravel has large interstitial spaces which can hold lots of both. The next factor we must concern ourselves with is that water has weight and always...

Hydroponics a quick overview

Truly a wonder of modern science - hydroponic gardens produce bountiful harvests of fruit, vegetables, grains, herbs and flowers in places never before able to sustain growth. Hydroponic gardens produce the healthiest crops with the highest yields and vitamin content thanks to their perfectly balanced nutrient solutions. Modern hydroponic methods provide food for millions of people worldwide and supply you, me and the food service industry with superior produce. In fact, hydroponic cultivation is so effective, NASA has devised an advanced method of hydroponics for use in outer space. The science of hydroponics began with experimentation into determining the elementary composition of plants. These experiments have been dated as early as 1600 A.D., however, records show that plants have been cultivated in soilfree mixtures of sand and gravel even earlier. The hanging gardens of Babylon and the floating gardens of the Mexican Aztecs are perfect examples of early hydroponic gardening....

Types of hydroponic systems

A hydroponic system should be designed to fulfill the specific requirements of plants with the most reliable and efficient method(s) of nutrient delivery. The three major plant-requirements that a hydroponic system must satisfy are Hydroponic systems can be either active or passive. An active system includes a mechanical means for recirculating the nutrient solution while a passive system relies on capillary action absorption and or the force of gravity to replenish roots with nutrient. Besides being generally more efficient, and thus more productive, a nice feature of active systems is the ease at which they may be implemented within an automated greenhouse. Just as a simple fan can be connected to a thermostat to control exhaust, a timer may be connected to the pump(s) of an active system to cycle on and off as necessary. If this system was designed properly, a large nutrient reservoir could feed the crop for a couple of weeks before needing a refill. In this scenario, as long as...

Making a market for your garden

Many gourmet restaurants and markets will purchase high quality hydroponic produce, provided it is available in good supply and on a regular basis. If you are interested in making a profit from your garden, you should first investigate the local marketplace and determine just what it is that you should grow. Don't try to compete with everyone else, identify a unique opportunity for a high profit plant by interviewing the owners and operators of these establishments. I have found that growing culinary herbs is the best way to make extra income from your garden. Of course there's always the tomato and pepper plants which are a staple food for most, but both require much more space and considerably more time to harvest. Growing fresh cut flowers can also be very profitable, however, it is a harder market to penetrate and flowers take longer to grow than herbs. The reason herbs make such a great product to produce and market is simple the most popular culinary herbs are all leafy plants...

Final assembly and system operation

Once all of the plants roots extend below the baskets and into the nutrient solution, your crop will really take off After the roots reach the bottom of the chambers, you may lower the standpipes so the nutrient level is just below the baskets. After the roots get real strong, you can even remove the standpipes entirely and run the system as a hybrid Aeroponic Nutrient Film Technique system. Access holes in the chambers and on the reservoir should be covered with an opaque plastic sheeting to keep light from causing algae growth - REMEMBER - keep light and heat away from your nutrient solution

Physical And Chemical Properties Of Nickel And Its Role In Animal And Bacterial Systems

The value of addition of nickel to Murashige and Skoog plant tissue-culture medium was shown by Witte et al. (41). These authors suggested that the lack of nickel and urease activity may represent a stress factor in tissue culture and recommended that the addition of 100 nM Ni be adopted as a standard practice. The benefits of adding nickel to solution cultures was also demonstrated by Khan et al. (42), who determined that a mixture of 0.05 mg Ni L_1 and 20 nitrogen as urea resulted in optimal growth of spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) under hydroponic conditions.

Basic Facts About GM Crops

Sometimes, low technology solutions in developing countries can be just as effective or more appropriate to tackle a problem. The solutions can differ from country to country. The solutions can range from better education of farmers, efficient use of water (for example, drip irrigation), better infrastructures to bring produce to the market place, better storage facilities (in some countries more than 20 of the produce is lost during storage) and using local crops rather than planting imported crop varieties. The issue of GM crops and the developing world is addressed in Sect. 5.3.

The nutrient solution

Compare the measure of a plants health to the strength of a chain, it too is only as strong as its weakest link. To insure that your 'chain' is strong, it is very important to make sure all the links are in place, and in good supply. Proper concentration of nutrients within the solution is critical, as hydroponically grown plants are completely dependant upon it for food and different plants have varying nutrient requirements. Most commercially available hydroponic nutrients now come with instructions for mixing solutions specific to plant types, stages of growth and growing conditions. There is a great number of commercially available nutrients on the market which makes getting started in hydroponics easy for the beginner not looking to make their own nutrients. When selecting a nutrient to use with your garden, there are a few things you need to look for. The most important factor is that the nutrient be designed SPECIFICALLY FOR HYDROPONIC application. Using a supplemental...

When growing outdoors

Protect the reservoir from heat and direct sunlight. Maintain solution temperatures between 68 and 75 degrees F. You may want to bury the reservoir to take advantage of the cool and consistent soil temperatures. You can use aluminum foil to reflect sunlight and keep the reservoir from getting too hot. In really hot climates, you can create a cooling loop, buried in the soil to dissipate heat by having the nutrient pass through it on its way to the injectors (not applicable for the hydroponic planter design). You may need to use a larger pump to overcome the extra resistance inside the additional tubing. Keep any electrical equipment protected from the rain - use only equipment suitable for outdoor use. Hire a licensed electrician to install the proper wiring and outlets to power your outdoor garden.

Water the basis of life

Hydroponics is about enriching water with the very same nutrient salts as found in nature. It is about creating and maintaining a nutrient solution that is perfectly balanced for your plants. Most hydroponic systems contain the nutrient solution and protect it from evaporating and from discharging into our environment unlike the runoff from exposed, fertilized soil. This conservative approach to water management is what makes hydroponics the method of choice in drought stricken area worldwide and as a result is rapidly becoming known as Earth Friendly Gardening.

The First Step To A Great Garden Is Planning

Consider the space you have available for your intended garden. Don't forget that if you plan to grow indoors in a tight space you will also need room to access your garden and perform routine maintenance such as pruning and nutrient changes. For this purpose, leave yourself ample space to work. Too many people try to fit too much garden into too small a space. Remember - a hydroponic garden will give you a significantly higher yield than a soil garden of equal size. If you plan to grow indoors, consider the location for its access to direct sunlight. Most plants need a minimum of 4-6 hours direct sunlight and a total of at least 12-14 hours of light daily. Your garden will not benefit from more than 18 hours of light daily however. A south facing window is a great place to start (assuming you live in the northern hemisphere) and to provide supplemental lighting, or in the case of providing exclusive lighting indoors, consider purchasing a High Intensity Discharge lighting system. HID...

Problems with your plants

Just as your garden faces infiltration by bugs, so it does from disease. However, the wonderful thing about soilfree garedening is that there is no soil to harbor disease. Instead, you have only to contend with the nutrient solution. To avoid the growth of algae and disease causing organisms that may propagate within your nutrient tank, there are a few precautions you can take to avoid this scenario. First off, keep you nutrient temperature below 80 degrees F. Better yet would be to keep it from 68-72 degrees F., but in many cases this is difficult due to extreme ambient temperatures and strong sunlight heating up your reservoir. You can insulate your reservoir by keeping it out oif direct sunlight and covering it with reflective insulation such as Celotex board or foil-backed fiberglass. In extreme conditions, burying the lower part of the reservoir, or even the entire reservoir can keep it perfectly in check as the temperature of the earth remains much cooler and more constant....

Its all about the roots

Root systems vary in size from those of a seedling, perhaps a few inches long, to those of a 300' redwood (pictured at right holding up the author) which can grow larger in size than the visible tree itself Regardless of physical size, roots serve the plant three essential functions the uptake of water and nutrients, storage for manufactured materials and providing physical support for the plant above ground. Hydroponics is all about the roots - healthy roots nutrients is called diffusion. In this process water and oxygen pass into the root structure through membranes in the cell walls. An interesting point is that diffusion actually takes place at the ionic level which in laymen's terms means that nutritional elements are passed by the electrical exchange of charged particles. This is always my first line of defense against those who claim that hydroponics is unnatural and isn't organic because plants grown that way aren't fed organic nutrients. Foolish to say the least - the bottom...

Product quality considerations

Quality is by far the most important consideration that will determine your success. If you are growing hydroponi-cally, you are already ahead of the game. However, you will certainly want to perfect your method before considering commercial success. If you are totally new to hydroponics and gardening, take a few months getting your green thumb cause once you go commercial, you will be counted upon to deliver quality produce on time. these fine herbs were grown locally in a soilfree garden with the finest nutrients and purest water which adds to their flavor and keeps them free from toxins.

Growers guide to popular plants

The following table outlines the favorite conditions for these plants to thrive in your hydroponic garden. Adhere closely to these parameters and you will be happily surprised by the results. Always use a high quality hydroponic nutrient and maintain a healthy growing area by allowing plenty of light, air and moisture to reach your plants. Seed packets will contain more information on the particular strain you wish to grow.

Making clones of your favorite plant

Select a healthy growing tip from a plant you wish to clone. The tip should be approximately 3-6 long and include no more than three sets of leaves including the tip. Using a sterile razor, sever the tip and immediately place into a room temperature bath of dilute nutrient solution or prepared cloning solution such as Olivia's. Saturate a rockwool cube, some cocofiber vermiculite or one of the new soil free sponges with the cloning solution or 1 2 strength nutrient if you are using a cloning gel or powder (powder shown at right).

Theory of operation

The rapid cropping systems that have evolved from simple PVC piping are truly unique and exceptional hydroponic gardens. Extremely cost effective and durable, they are the leading means of high yield rapid cropping using hydroponics. The systems operate by circulating a deep flow of nutrient solution within the PVC pipes whereby the plants are suspended in baskets which protrude into the PVC pipes at specific spacing (depending upon crop type) and the roots grow down into the circulating nutrient below. Either four or six inch diameter PVC pipe can be used depending upon crop type and budgetary constraints.

Ultra Peattm aka Coco Peat Coco Coir

Our favorite loose growing medium is Coconut Fiber or Cocopeat. It represents a major step forward in organic soilfree potting mediums. It has the water retention of vermiculite and the air retention of perlite, however, it is a completely organic medium made from ground up coconut husks Why coconut husks The coconut husk serves its seed two purposes 1. Protection from the sun and salt while floating around the oceans and 2. A hormone rich, fungus free medium to solicit germination and rooting upon landfall. Ground up and sterilized, cocopeat offers plants the perfect rooting medium and protection against root diseases and fungus infestation. Cocopeat is a completely renewable resource, unlike peat moss which is rapidly becoming depleted from overuse.

Micro nutrients are absorbed in smaller quantities

Most nutrients are listed with the amounts of N-P-K represented in percentages. For instance, a 10-10-10 solution would contain 10 Nitrogen 10 phosphorus and 10 potassium by weight. If you do the math, you will find this concentration adds up to only 30 - this is because the remaining percentage usually consists of a filler of chelating materials used to assist the nutritional process. Use only nutrients specifically designed for hydroponics, as conventional formulas prepared for plants grown in soil do not contain the proper balances. I personally favor the two and three part nutrient formulas as they always outperform the general purpose nutrients. The two and three part formulas allow you to custom blend for each crop and stage of growth.

Approaching your prospective customers

Now that you have a great product, nice package and an idea of what is important, here is what to do and say. Start off with the smallest store you can find, the smaller the better since the chances that the person you encounter will be an owner or someone who is in charge is much higher and if they express a sincere interest, you can realistically supply a smaller operation alot easier than a large market. Start small but always think big. You will want to speak to the owner or buyer so identify who they are and approach them by simply introducing yourself with your name and telling them that you would like just a moment of their time to discuss your gourmet produce. You will certainly have a sample with you (freshly chilled from your cooler ) so have it in hand and get it into his hers as soon as you introduce yourself. by putting the product directly in front of the customer, you can let your product do most of the talking, especially if you are a little nervous at first. Explain...

Aero Spring parts list

A cycle timer is one that turns on for x minutes and off for x minutes and then repeats this cycle as long as it is plugged in. We used an NFT-1 cycle timer that is specifically manufactured for hydroponic applications. It turns on for 1 minute and then off for four minutes. This is effectively a 20 duty cycle which keeps the roots wet and the pump from running continuously which would heat up the nutrient solution quickly.

Youll Want To Have The Proper Tools

To construct the hydroponic planter you'll need a magic marker, scissors and a some aquarium safe silicone sealant. Add a sharp razor and hacksaw to the list to build the AeroSpring - you'll also be happy to have an electric drill with a 2 7 8 holesaw attachment to make cutting the grow sites easier. The hybrid PVC systems are pretty much going to necessitate the electric drill and holesaw - especially if you plan to build the heavy duty design that utilizes 6 PVC pipe for grow chambers. While PVC is easy to cut with a hacksaw, cutting perfectly circular holes into the tubing is going to be next to impossible without this tool. If you don't own a heavy duty 3 8 or 1 2 drive electric drill, you can most likely borrow or rent one. You will most likely need to buy the 2 7 8 holesaw - at this size they usually consist of two parts - an arbor which holds the drill bit (for drilling the pilot hole) and the actual holesaw which looks like a half a beer can with a saw toothed edge for cutting...

Getting started with seeds

Book all use GroRox as a growing medium and only the hydroponic planter design uses a significant quantity. We have had excellent results with both 1 rockwool cubes and loose cocofiber as a starting medium, vermiculite and pearlite work very well too. Just recently, a new starting medium was introduced that is being called soil free sponges (I'm sure a neato trade name will be soon to follow ) - we've been testing them here for FutureGarden.com and have found them to be a real winner. The sponges are made from organic compost that is molded into small squares and cone shapes using a biodegradable binder. The advantage to using these sponges are that they allow the hydroponic grower to utilize an organic medium for starting seeds and rooting cuttings without the risk of it breaking apart and falling into the reservoir like cocopeat and perlite will do. See the chapeter on hydroponic mediums for more info. Avoid using soil as it is not sterile and may contain diseases and or pests that...

Determining which Watering system to use

Employing the use of a regular watering system, such as drip irrigation or an in-ground system, is the best approach to ensuring a consistent moisture cycle to grow happy, healthy plants. However, in-ground watering systems tend to be expensive and should be installed by professionals. If you're looking for suppliers of irrigation systems, the companies in the Appendix may be a good starting point.

The organic composition of plants

To develop a strong understanding of hydroponics, we must first review the organic composition of plants. The molecule is the smallest recognizable assembly of atoms that can be identified as being a specific element. Common elements are Hydrogen - Oxygen - Gold - Silver etc All organic matter on Earth is comprised of at least four basic elements. In fact, the scientific qualification for labelling matter organic is that it must be comprised of the following elements Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen and Nitrogen. Over 90 of a plant's dry weight is comprised of these four organic elements. The interesting thing is that while many claim that plants grown hydroponically are not organic, ANYTHING THAT CAN GROW IS ORGANIC The atmosphere of our planet is comprised of approximately 78 Nitrogen, 20 Oxygen and 2 Carbon dioxide, in addition to a small percentage of inert gases. Carbon dioxide is known as a compound since it is a combination of one Carbon molecule and two Oxygen molecules. Most elements...

The PVC Pipe Gardens

These designs were inspired by the many commercially available hydroponic gardens that utilize PVC pipe as a main design component. PVC pipe is relatively inexpensive, easy to work with and extremely durable. These designs allow easy expansion owing to their popularity among commercial growers and family farmers. Perfect for producing large harvests of rapidly growing crops such as salad greens, culinary and medicinal herbs and decorative flowers. This garden requires a bit more skill and some power tools to complete. There is the option to build it with either four inch or six inch diameter PVC according to intended use. Indoors use with 250-1500W MH or HPS light for best results when sunlight isn't available.

Stages of growth

The final stage of the organisms lifecycle is the reproductive stage. Because the objective is now to reproduce, and thus carry on evolution, energies are directed to the manufacture of flowers, seeds, and fruit. The primary nutritional requirements begin to shift at this time from a high-N diet to a low N, high P-K diet. This is due to a considerable slow down in vegetative growth while reproduction takes place. This change prompts a switch in nutrient solutions from a vegetative formula to a flowering, or 'bloom' formula. Many hydro-ponic nutrients now come as a two part system for exactly this reason. In some plants, reproduction is triggered by a change in the length of daylight, this characteristic is called photoperiodism. It is this characteristic which governs when these plants may be sown and harvested if growing outdoors. Indoors, be sure to provide the proper photoperiod for your crop or they may never fully develop. Changing the length of artificial daylight can trick the...

Gro Dan Rockwool

Rockwool has a good water to air capacity and is widely used as a starting medium for seeds and a rooting medium for cuttings. Some of the world's largest hydroponic greenhouses use rockwool slabs to raise all sorts of fully mature plants. The mixed green seedlings at right were planted in cocopeat in easy to handle flats. When these seedlings harden off, they will be transplated to their new homes in soilfree gardens. The transplantation process for seedlings raised in cocopeat is as simple as shaking or rinsing the loose cocopeat from the plant and inserting them into whatever will support them in their new home. This hydroponic system is truly soilfree. The Aeroflo series by General Hydroponics can accept seedlings or starts grown in any of the mediums featured in this chapter. You'll learn how to make these systems yourself in the back of this book.

Ein Gedi system

First developed in Ein Gedi Israel, hence the name, the Ein Gedi System (EGS) introduced a revolutionary new method to hydroponics. The system is comprised of fully enclosed rectangular growth chambers, inside of which, nutrient solution is circulated 1-6 inches below evenly spaced mesh baskets that contain the plants. The air gap between the baskets and solution is misted by sprayers residing along the upper inside of the chamber. Roots growing into the mist zone are subjected to intense oxygenation, resulting in vigorous development. Once the roots grow through the mist zone, they are greeted by a circulating bath of oxygenated nutrient solution which eliminates the problem of stagnation commonly associated with NFT. The EGS provides a quick and efficient method for developing seedlings and cuttings into large and healthy plants. The PVC systems you can build from our plans employ this technique.

Vertical Gardening

This is another interesting application of aeroponics. It is manufactured by Vertigro and represents a great way of saving greenhouse space. The system functions much in the same fashion as the system above except it shares a drain pipe with as many units as required. See the black hoses below growing cylinders. Vertigro is located in Florida near Epcot Center where these photos were taken. As you can see, hydroponic system design represents equal opportunity for a challenge and progress. If you can master the basic skills of plumbing, which can be picked up best by DOING, you can have lots of fun experimenting and improving upon the hydroponic systems in use today. In the next section of this book You will learn how to build your own hydroponic and aeroponic systems that employ these advanced techniques.


The next factor you will want to control in your greenhouse or indoor garden. If the humidity is too high, your crop will suffer from rot and mold problems, as well as a tendency to overheat due to its inability to transpire moisture into the already saturated atmosphere. Humidistats control humidity in much the same manner as a thermostat controls temperature. A humidistat can be set to operate a ventilation fan once a particular level of moisture in the air is breached. Rarely when growing hydro-ponically in an enclosed area will you run into problems of too little humidity, however, if this is the case, you will either need to lower the temperature or the intensity of light so as not to dehydrate your crops. A level of 60-70 humidity is generally accepted as best for most crops. Too dry an atmosphere will cause excessive water transpiration and leave a high concentration of nutrients in your reservoir - very similar to what too high an ambient temperature or too strong a light...

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