Solutions To Exercises Lesson

1. Anatomy is the study of the structure of the body. (para 1-1a)

2. A broad individual: endomorph. A slim individual: ectomorph.

A person with average build: mesomorph. (para 1-2)

3. Study of structures that cannot be seen with the unaided eye: microscopic anatomy.

Study of relationships between functions and structures: functional anatomy.

Study of the nervous system: neuroanatomy.

Study of organ systems: gross anatomy by systems. (para 1-4)

4. The body is organized into cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, and the total organism. (para 1 -5)

5. A cell is the smallest discrete living unit of the body construction. (para 1-5a)

6. A tissue is a grouping of like cells working together. (para 1-5b)

7. An organ is a structure composed of several different tissues performing a particular function. (para 1 -5c)

8. An organ system is a group of organs performing an overall function together. (para 1 -5d)

9. The total organism is the individual human being. (para 1-5e)

10. The parts of the upper member are the shoulder, arm, forearm, wrist, and hand. (para 1-6c(1))

11. The parts of the lower member are the hip, thigh, leg, ankle, and foot. (para 1-6c(2))

12. One reason for studying terminology is to be successful in a medical field. Another reason is to be able to communicate well. (para 1-7a)

13. The anatomical position is described as follows:

a. The body stands erect, with heels together.

b. The upper members are along the sides, with palms facing forward.

14. a. Midsagittal or median plane.

b. Sagittal plane.

c. Horizontal or transverse plane.

d. Frontal or coronal plane. (para 1-9)

15. It is correct to say that a is lateral to b and c, b is medial to a and lateral to c, and c is medial to a and b. We speak of d as the lateral border. We speak of e as the medial border. (para 1-10c)

16. The portion marked a is the distal third. The portion marked c is the proximal third. The end marked d is the distal end. The end marked e is the proximal end. (para 1-10e)

17. A cell is the microscopic unit of body organization. (para 1 -12)

18. a. Ribosomes.

b. Mitochondrion.

c. Endoplasmic reticulum.

d. Nucleus.

e. Centrioles.

f. Cytoplasm.

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