Primary Study Areas

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In this text, we study the skeletal system from four different viewpoints:

a. Bone As Tissues. This aspect of the human skeletal system was discussed in paragraph 2-11 and will not be further discussed here.

b. Bone As An Individual Organ. Section II of this lesson discusses bone as an individual organ.

c. Articulations (Joints)--Arthrology. Section III of this lesson introduces the study of joints, or arthrology.

d. The Human Skeleton. Section IV of this lesson discusses the human skeleton as a whole in terms of its major subdivisions.

Section II. BONE AS AN INDIVIDUAL ORGAN

4-4. BASIC STRUCTURE OF AN INDIVIDUAL BONE

See figure 4-1 for the basic structure of an individual bone.

Figure 4-1. A mature long bone (femur).

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Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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