Liver And Gallbladder

a. Liver Anatomy. The liver is a large and complex organ. Most of its mass is on the right side of the body and within the lower portion of the rib cage. Its upper surface is in contact with the diaphragm.

b. Liver Functions. The liver is a complex chemical factory with many functions. These include aspects of carbohydrate, protein, lipid, and vitamin metabolism and processes related to blood clotting and red blood cell destruction. Its digestive function is to produce a fluid called bije or gall.

c. Gallbladder. Until needed, the bile is stored and concentrated in the gallbladder, a sac on the inferior surface of the liver. Fluid from the gallbladder flows through the cystic duct, which joins the common hepatic duct from the liver to form the common bile duct. The common bile duct then usually joins with the duct of the pancreas as the fluid enters the duodenum.

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