General

a. Location. The pituitary body is a small pea-sized and pea- shaped structure. It is attached to the base of the brain in the region of the hypothalamus (see paragraph 11 -9). In addition, it is housed within a hollow of the bony floor of the cranial cavity. This hollow is called the sella turcica ("Turk's saddle").

b. Major Subdivisions. The pituitary body is actually two glands-- the posterior pituitary gland and the anterior pituitary gland. Initially separate, these glands join together during development of the embryo.

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