(1) Cortex. The cortex is the outer layer of the individual bone. It is made up of compact (dense) bony tissue.
(2) Medulla. The medulla is the central portion of the individual bone. It generally consists of cancellous (spongy) bone tissue. In some bones, particularly long bones, the medulla may include a space without any bony tissue. This space is called the medullary or marrow cavity.
b. Marrow. Marrow serves as a filler of the inside of bones. There are two types of bone marrow--yellow bone marrow and red bone marrow. Yellow bone marrow is mostly yellow fat tissue. Red bone marrow is the only site in adults for the formation of red blood cells (hematopoiesis).
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