My students have found that certain study skills worked well for them while enrolled in Human Anatomy and Physiology. Although each individual has a somewhat different learning style, there are techniques that work well for the majority of students. Utilizing some of the skills listed here could make your course more enjoyable and rewarding.
1. Note taking: Look for the main ideas and briefly express them in your own words. Organize, edit, and review your notes soon after the lecture. Add textbook information to your notes as you reorganize them. Underline or highlight with different colors the important points, major headings, and key terms. Study your notes daily, as they provide sequential building blocks of the course content.
2. Chunking: Organize information into logical groups or categories. Study and master one chunk of information at a time. For example, study the bones of the upper limb, lower limb, trunk, and head as separate study tasks.
3. Mnemonic devices: An acrostic is a combination of association and imagery to aid your memory. It is often in the form of a poem, rhyme, or jingle in which the first letter of each word corresponds to the first letters of the words you need to remember. So Long Top Part, Here Comes The Thumb is an example of such a mnemonic device to remember the eight carpals in the correct sequence. Acronyms are words that are formed by the first letters of the items to remember. IPMAT is an example of this type of mnemonic device to help remember the phases of the cell cycle in the correct sequence. Try some of your own.
4. Study groups: Small study groups that meet periodically to review course material and compare notes have helped and encouraged many students. However, keep the group on the task at hand. Work as a team and alternate leaders. This group often becomes a support group.
5. Recording and recitation: An auditory learner can benefit by recording lectures and review sessions with a cassette recorder. Many students listen to the taped sessions as they drive or just before going to bed. Reading your notes aloud can help also. Explain the material to anyone (even if there are no listeners). Talk about anatomy and physiology in everyday conversations.
6. Note cards/flash cards: Make your own. Add labels and colors to enhance the material. Keep them with you in your pocket or purse. Study them frequently and for short periods of time. Concentrate on a small number of cards at one time. Shuffle your cards and have someone quiz you on their content. As you become familiar with the material, you can set aside cards that don't require additional mastery.
7. Time management: Prepare monthly, weekly, and daily schedules. Include dates of quizzes, exams, and projects on the calendar. On your daily schedule, budget several short study periods. Daily repetition alleviates cramming for exams. Prioritize your time so that you still have time for work and leisure activities. Find an appropriate study atmosphere with minimum distractions.
Best wishes on your anatomy and physiology endeavor.
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This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.