Of Bone

Part A

Complete the following statements: (Note: Questions 1-6 pertain to bone classification by shape.)

1. A bone that is platelike is classified as a(an)_bone.

2. The bones of the wrist are examples of_bones.

3. The bone of the thigh is an example of a(an)_bone.

4. Vertebrae are examples of_bones.

5. The patella (kneecap) is an example of a large_bone.

6. The bones of the skull that form a protective covering of the brain are examples of_

bones.

7. Distinguish between the epiphysis and the diaphysis of a long bone. _

8. Describe where cartilage is found on a long bone.

9. Describe where dense connective tissue is found on a long bone.

10. Distinguish between the periosteum and the endosteum.

Part B

Complete the following: 1. What differences did you note between the structure of compact bone and spongy bone?

2. How are these structural differences related to the locations and functions of these two types of bone?

3. From your observations, how does the marrow in the medullary cavity compare with the marrow in the spaces of the spongy bone? _

Part C

Identify the structures indicated in figure 11.3.

Figure 11.3 Identify the structures indicated in (a) the epiphysis of a long bone and (b) the diaphysis of a long bone.

Figure 11.3 Identify the structures indicated in (a) the epiphysis of a long bone and (b) the diaphysis of a long bone.

Epiphysis Bone
Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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