Learning Objectives

After completing this exercise, you should be able to

1. name and locate the major skeletal muscles of the fetal pig;

2. name and locate the corresponding muscles of the human;

3. name the origins, insertions, and actions of the muscles designated by the laboratory instructor.


Dissect: to expose the entire length of the muscle from origin to insertion. Most of the procedures are accomplished with blunt probes used to separate various connective tissues that hold adjacent structures together. It does not mean to remove or to cut into the muscles or other organs.

Transect: to cut through the muscle near its midpoint.

The cut is perpendicular to the muscle fibers.

Reflect: to lift a transected muscle aside to expose deeper muscles or other organs.

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Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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