The diagnosis is primarily clinical. No diagnostic paraclinical tests are currently available and a biopsy is rarely required to exclude an alternative diagnosis. Frequently, and especially in benign cases, the diagnosis has to be established primarily on patient history, i.e. more on the questioning of the patient than on objective data gathered by examination. In atypical cases - e.g. buttock involvement alone - the chronicity of the inflammatory and suppurative process is a cornerstone of the diagnosis. In 30% of patients, a positive familial history of HS is found thus helping to establish the diagnosis. This occurs especially among female patients [4].

How To Reduce Acne Scarring

How To Reduce Acne Scarring

Acne is a name that is famous in its own right, but for all of the wrong reasons. Most teenagers know, and dread, the very word, as it so prevalently wrecks havoc on their faces throughout their adolescent years.

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