The development and application of clinical echocar-diography has allowed thorough, accurate, and noninvasive evaluation of cardiac structure and function. Transthoracic echocardiography is a mainstay of cardiac diagnosis and monitoring in both adult and pediatric patients. Advances in 2D imaging allow significant anatomical detail to be visualized, especially in smaller patients, and Doppler ultrasound allows direct visualization of altered flow patterns and noninvasive investigation of hemodynamics. The use of transesophageal echocardiography, although slightly more invasive, has become routine when improved resolution and intraprocedural monitoring are required. Future directions include increased utilization of intravascular ultrasound for diagnosis and monitoring of interventional procedures, improvement in 3D ultrasound techniques that will make them appropriate for routine imaging, and the use of embryonic imaging to study normal and abnormal heart development.

Blood Pressure Health

Blood Pressure Health

Your heart pumps blood throughout your body using a network of tubing called arteries and capillaries which return the blood back to your heart via your veins. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as your heart beats.Learn more...

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