The pulmonary artery catheter was first introduced into clinical practice by Swan and Ganz (7). Since its introduction, the pulmonary artery catheter is often used in the management of critically ill patients and in those undergoing major cardiac surgery (Table 5). Yet, the effectiveness of pulmonary artery catheter monitors and their effect on patient morbidity and mortality continues to be debated and researched (8). Current modifications also allow for continuous monitoring of pulmonary artery pressures, cardiac outputs, central venous pressures, mixed venous oxygen saturations (SVO2), and pulmonary
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This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.