Info

verbal stimulation

verbal or tactile stimulation

repeated or painful stimulation

painful stimulus

Airway

Unaffected

No intervention required

Intervention may be required

Intervention often required

Spontaneous ventilation

Unaffected

Adequate

May be inadequate

Frequently inadequate

Cardiovascular function

Unaffected

Usually maintained

Usually maintained

May be impaired

Excerpted from ASA Standards, Guidelines and Statements, 2003, of the American Society of Anesthesiologists. A copy of the full text can be obtained from ASA, 520 N. Northwest Highway, Park Ridgewood, IL 60068-2573.

Excerpted from ASA Standards, Guidelines and Statements, 2003, of the American Society of Anesthesiologists. A copy of the full text can be obtained from ASA, 520 N. Northwest Highway, Park Ridgewood, IL 60068-2573.

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